20.109(F09):Alkhairy+Perez

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==Research Statement and Goals==
==Research Statement and Goals==
-
*Develop an E. Coli system with specific photometric metal detection systems.
+
Develop an E. coli system with specific photometric metal detection systems. The system response to concentrations of metal in water would be quantifiable fluorescence at different wavelengths for different metals. The system is intended to combine sensitivity with specificity and also considers bioavailability.
==Specific Aims==
==Specific Aims==
-
1- Find robust E.Coli to commercialize.
+
Specific Aims:
-
2- Find promoters pX, pY, pZ regulated direct binding of metals mX, mY, mZ.
+
1- Find robust E.Coli to with stand conditions for onsite analysis.
-
3- Fuse each promoter with (G/B/Y)FP, put into plasmids into E.Coli. Call this system 'original'. Each metal would give peak fluorescence at a particular lambda. Call the respective wavelengths lamX, lamY, lamZ.
+
2- Find promoters pX, pY, pZ regulated by direct binding of metals mX, mY, mZ, respectively.
-
4- For each promoter do the following
+
3- Fuse each promoter with (G/B/Y)Fluorescent Protein reporter gene, put fusion gene into plasmids then transform into E.Coli. Call this system 'original'. Each metal binding to its respective promoter would give peak fluorescence at a particular lambda. Call the respective wavelengths lamX, lamY, lamZ.
-
*Create library of mutations.
+
-
*SPR: immobilize mutant promoters and select for tighter binding and specificity of respective metal to find 4 in vitro candidate mutants
+
-
*Create vector with candidate mutant promoter fused to a FP reporter gene.
+
-
5-Plug the top candidate mutant, for each promoter in a different plasmid, into in vivo system, compare with 'original'. Go through all combinations of promoters mutant candidates (4*4*4) and pick best mutant combination. To compare, we specifically produce graphs w/ (intensity/number of cells) vs. [X or Y or Z]out for each of lamX, lamY, lamZ.
+
4- To enhance specificity and sensitivity of the system for each metal, we do the following for each promoter:
-
6- Next, we reproduce graph above with [X + Y + Z]. Ideally, graph 5 = graph 6, for each lambda and therefore our system is very specific.
+
    * Create library of promoter mutations at metal binding site.
 +
    * SPR: immobilize mutant promoters and select for tighter binding and specificity of respective metal to find 4 in vitro candidate mutants
 +
    * Create vector with candidate mutant promoter fused to its particular fluorescent protein reporter gene.  
 +
5- Insert one candidate mutant for each promoter, in different plasmids, into an in vivo system and compare with 'original'. Go through all combinations of promoters mutant candidates (4*4*4) and pick best mutant combination. To compare, we specifically produce graphs w/ (intensity to number of cells ratio) vs. external concentration of mX or mY or mZ for each of lamX, lamY, lamZ.
 +
 +
6- Next, we reproduce graph above with a mixture of metals as opposed to a single metal. Ideally, graph 5 ~= graph 6, for each lambda and therefore our system is very specific.

Revision as of 22:36, 26 November 2009

Contents

To Do list=

GO HERE[[1]]


Project Overview

Genetically engineering microorganism-based biosensor

  • Our goal is to develop a simple field test that can warn people or environmental authorities if dangerous levels of toxic metals or metalloids (metal-like substances such as arsenic) are present in the environment, to which they might be exposed. The test could provide vital in helping to tackle one of the world's greatest disasters – the poisoning of tens of millions of people in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, through naturally–occurring arsenic in their household well water. rather than through long and expensive laboratory testing

Why is this important? : http://www.uq.edu.au/news/?article=12818, http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/366604/researches_develop_new_test_for_contaminated.html


Background Information

  • Past heavy metal biosensors

-Heavy Metal BioSensor-BIOMET: http://wwwa.vito.be/english/environment/environmentaltech2d.htm

  • (AE1433) for zinc and cadmium;
  • (AE1239) for copper;
  • (AE2450) for lead;
  • (AE2440) for Cr6+;
  • (AE2515) for nickel;
  • (CM2624) for mercury.

-Other technologies for detecting heavy metals -Benefits of this method -Journal Devoted to created biosensors: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405913/description#description -MicroArray for Heavy Metal Ions: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TFC-4X2DCXH-3&_user=501045&_coverDate=12%2F15%2F2009&_alid=1099894232&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_cdi=5223&_st=13&_docanchor=&_ct=288&_acct=C000022659&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=501045&md5=a209a6a8e7caf90ef3f7009bfee4705b

Research Statement and Goals

Develop an E. coli system with specific photometric metal detection systems. The system response to concentrations of metal in water would be quantifiable fluorescence at different wavelengths for different metals. The system is intended to combine sensitivity with specificity and also considers bioavailability.

Specific Aims

Specific Aims:

1- Find robust E.Coli to with stand conditions for onsite analysis.

2- Find promoters pX, pY, pZ regulated by direct binding of metals mX, mY, mZ, respectively.

3- Fuse each promoter with (G/B/Y)Fluorescent Protein reporter gene, put fusion gene into plasmids then transform into E.Coli. Call this system 'original'. Each metal binding to its respective promoter would give peak fluorescence at a particular lambda. Call the respective wavelengths lamX, lamY, lamZ.

4- To enhance specificity and sensitivity of the system for each metal, we do the following for each promoter:

   * Create library of promoter mutations at metal binding site.
   * SPR: immobilize mutant promoters and select for tighter binding and specificity of respective metal to find 4 in vitro candidate mutants
   * Create vector with candidate mutant promoter fused to its particular fluorescent protein reporter gene. 

5- Insert one candidate mutant for each promoter, in different plasmids, into an in vivo system and compare with 'original'. Go through all combinations of promoters mutant candidates (4*4*4) and pick best mutant combination. To compare, we specifically produce graphs w/ (intensity to number of cells ratio) vs. external concentration of mX or mY or mZ for each of lamX, lamY, lamZ.

6- Next, we reproduce graph above with a mixture of metals as opposed to a single metal. Ideally, graph 5 ~= graph 6, for each lambda and therefore our system is very specific.


Backup Plan: (Fill in)

Project Methodology

Predicted Outcomes

Resources Needed

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