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=To Do ==
Revision as of 23:40, 26 November 2009
To Do List
Genetically engineering microorganism-based biosensor
- Our goal is to develop a simple field test that can warn people or environmental authorities if dangerous levels of toxic metals or metalloids (metal-like substances such as arsenic) are present in the environment, to which they might be exposed. The test could provide vital in helping to tackle one of the world's greatest disasters – the poisoning of tens of millions of people in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, through naturally–occurring arsenic in their household well water. rather than through long and expensive laboratory testing
- Past heavy metal biosensors
-Heavy Metal BioSensor-BIOMET: http://wwwa.vito.be/english/environment/environmentaltech2d.htm
- (AE1433) for zinc and cadmium;
- (AE1239) for copper;
- (AE2450) for lead;
- (AE2440) for Cr6+;
- (AE2515) for nickel;
- (CM2624) for mercury.
-Other technologies for detecting heavy metals -Benefits of this method -Journal Devoted to created biosensors: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405913/description#description -MicroArray for Heavy Metal Ions: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TFC-4X2DCXH-3&_user=501045&_coverDate=12%2F15%2F2009&_alid=1099894232&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_cdi=5223&_st=13&_docanchor=&_ct=288&_acct=C000022659&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=501045&md5=a209a6a8e7caf90ef3f7009bfee4705b
Research Statement and Goals
Develop an E. coli system with specific photometric metal detection systems. The system response to concentrations of metal in water would be quantifiable fluorescence at different wavelengths for different metals. The system is intended to combine sensitivity with specificity and also considers bioavailability.
1- Find robust E.Coli to with stand conditions for onsite analysis.
2- Find promoters pX, pY, pZ regulated by direct binding of metals mX, mY, mZ, respectively.
3- Fuse each promoter with (G/B/Y)Fluorescent Protein reporter gene, put fusion gene into plasmids then transform into E.Coli. Call this system 'original'. Each metal binding to its respective promoter would give peak fluorescence at a particular lambda. Call the respective wavelengths lamX, lamY, lamZ.
4- To enhance specificity and sensitivity of the system for each metal, we do the following for each promoter:
* Create library of promoter mutations at metal binding site. * SPR: immobilize mutant promoters and select for tighter binding and specificity of respective metal to find 4 in vitro candidate mutants * Create vector with candidate mutant promoter fused to its particular fluorescent protein reporter gene.
5- Insert one candidate mutant for each promoter, in different plasmids, into an in vivo system and compare with 'original'. Go through all combinations of promoters mutant candidates (4*4*4) and pick best mutant combination. To compare, we specifically produce graphs w/ (intensity to number of cells ratio) vs. external concentration of mX or mY or mZ for each of lamX, lamY, lamZ.
6- Next, we reproduce graph above with a mixture of metals as opposed to a single metal. Ideally, graph 5 ~= graph 6, for each lambda and therefore our system is very specific.
Backup Plan: (Fill in)