# 6.021/Notes/2006-11-13

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## Cable model

• experimental data from lobster: $\lambda_c \approx 1.3$ mm
• Thus, infinitesimal electrode means much smaller than 1 mm and remote electrode means much greater than 1 mm
• The distance a signal can travel without Hodgkin-Huxley regenerative mechanism is quite small
• Look at dynamics of stimulus pulse
• Pulse in space and time
• Solution of form: $v_m(z,t)=w(z,t) e^{-t/\tau_m}$
• where $\frac{\partial w}{\partial t} = \frac{\lambda_c^2}{\tau_m} \frac{\partial^2 w}{\partial z^2}$
• This is the Diffusion Equation with $D=\frac{\lambda_c^2}{\tau_m}$
• The effect of the stimulus diffuses down according to w but also dissipates equally across the membrane
• In decrement free conduction (HH), space/time relationship follows wave equation whereas in decremental conduction in cable model, it's diffusion-like