Alcazar

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'''''Genetics & Evolution of Plant-Environment Interactions'''''<br><br>
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'''''Genetics of Plant-Environment Interactions'''''<br><br>
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Our lab studies the genetic and molecular bases for the adaptation of plants to their local environments. We mainly focus on the adaptation to stress (abiotic and biotic) exploring the natural variation present in wild populations.
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Dear visitor,<br><br>
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Welcome to the website of the '''Alcázar Lab''' at the University of Barcelona.
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We study the genetic and molecular bases for the '''adaptation of plants to their local environments'''. We focus on the evolutionary adaptation of plant populations to '''abiotic and biotic stresses''', which are major challenges for plant survival. Derived from our basic research, we investigate ways for improving stress protection.<br><br>
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For a more detailed view of our research, please have a look at our [http://alcazar.openwetware.org/Research.html Research Projects] and [http://alcazar.openwetware.org/Publications.html Scientific Publications] sections. You can follow an updated list of our activities and publications in the NEWS section below.<br>
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'''CURRENT AREAS OF RESEARCH'''
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'''Evolution of NB-LRR genes and pathogens ''' <br>
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'''1. Natural variation and evolution of immune resistance genes in plants.''' <br>
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We're currently studying the evolution of NB-LRR immune-receptor genes in nature that condition defense against evolving pathogens and how this derives in immune-driven reproductive isolation barriers within species (hybrid incompatibilities). We're particularly studying the evolution of the RPP1-like cluster, which is involved in recognition of the naturally occurring ''Arabidopsis thaliana'' pathogen ''Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis'' and frequently involved in hybrid incompatibility. Through a combined research involving molecular biology,  population genetics and biochemical approaches, we study plant-pathogen coevolution in wild Arabidopsis populations and how this is translated into the genetic composition of NB-LRR genes in local populations. <br><br>  
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Plant resistance to pathogens is an important field of research with direct applications and we study it from an evolutionary, population genetics and molecular view. We currently study the '''molecular bases and evolution of ''Resistance'' genes''' and other loci that condition immune activation. We do so by studying Arabidopsis natural hybrids that exhibit activation of defense and fitness loss. We explore the mechanisms that have naturally evolved in plant populations to resist against pathogens and how the immune receptor repertoire is selected and diversified. At the direct interface between plants and the environment, we study how temperature modulates some plant immune responses.<br>
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'''2. Natural variation of abiotic stress tolerance and adaptation'''
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For a more detailed view of our research, have a look at our [http://alcazar.openwetware.org/Research.html Research Projects] and [http://alcazar.openwetware.org/Publications.html Scientific Publications] sections. <br> For general public information have a look at [http://alcazar.openwetware.org/Alcazar_Youtube.html +info]. <br><br>
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We investigate the molecular and genetic mechanisms underlying the naturally occurring '''tolerance to abiotic stresses in plant populations'''. We're currently studying the genetic bases for the naturally occurring variation of '''stress protective metabolites''' that condition resistance in plants in collaboration with other laboratories.<br>
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[[Image:Announcement_alcazar.jpg |100px]] '''News and Announcements e-Board'''<br>
[[Image:Announcement_alcazar.jpg |100px]] '''News and Announcements e-Board'''<br>
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'''NEW!''' <br>
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11 Dec 2014. [http://openwetware.org/wiki/Alcazar:pressDec2014 '''Exploring the maintenance and diversity of plant immunity genes in nature''' in PLoS Genetics]
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by Alcázar et al.
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  ''' '''Would you like to work with us? '''您想与我们一起工作吗?''' ''¿Quieres trabajar con nosotros?''''' <br><br>'''
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  [http://www.frontiersin.org/books/Plant_polyamines_in_stress_and_development/340 E-book in Frontiers in Plant Science 2014, by Antonio F. Tiburcio and Rubén Alcázar, Eds.]
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Interested students should contact us by e-mail.<br>
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  '''有兴趣的同学通过电子邮件联系我们'''<br>
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  Editorial article by Ruben Alcazar & A.F. Tiburcio in Frontiers in Plant Science 2014:
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  ''Contacta con nosotros por e-mail.''<br>
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  [http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpls.2014.00319/full Plant polyamines in stress and development: an emerging area of research in plant sciences] <br>
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  [mailto:ralcazar@ub.edu Contact ALCAZAR LAB]<br>
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  [http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00425-014-2055-9 '''Review: The Roles of Polyamines during the lifespan of plants:from development to stress''']
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  Follow Alcazar Lab press releases at EduBlogs: [[http://ralcazar.edublogs.org/ here]]
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  Tiburcio AF, Altabella T, Bitrián M and Alcázar R. (2014) Planta 240: 1-18.<br>
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'''The Roles of Polyamines during the lifespan of plants:from development to stress'''(2014).
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  Tiburcio AF, Altabella T, Bitrián M and Alcázar R. Planta, doi: 10.1007/s00425-014-2055-9.  
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online first March 2014 [http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00425-014-2055-9 read here]
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''' PRESS RELEASES'''<br>
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[http://www.mpipz.mpg.de/4042700/PM_Parker_2015 PLoS Genet 2014 highlight] by Max Planck Institute, Cologne. 11.12.14.<br>
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[http://www.ub.edu/web/ub/en/menu_eines/noticies/2013/11/063.html? Arabidopsis semidwarfs: the green revolution in nature] 02.12.2013. University of Barcelona.<br>
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[http://www.mpipz.mpg.de/5389/news_publication_619091 Hybrid plants with over-reactive immune system] 17.11.2010. Max Planck Society.
   
   
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[http://www.ub.edu/farmacia/ The Faculty] | [http://www.ub.edu The University] | [http://bkc.upc.ub.edu/ The Campus] | [http://www.ccit.ub.edu/EN/home.html Scientific and Technological Centers]
 
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Full address: Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal. Avda Joan XXIII 27-31, 08028 Barcelona (Spain). <br>
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Rubén Alcázar is Ramón y Cajal Researcher at the Department of Natural Products, Plant Biology and Soil Science of the [http://www.ub.edu University of Barcelona].<br>
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Tel +34 934 024 492 Fax +34 934 029 043 <br><br>
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<p>This wiki site is built under [http://www.openwetware.org Openwetware], an open access movement promoting the sharing of information among researchers.</p>
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<br>'''Research in Alcázar Lab is supported by:'''
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[[Image:Alcazar_funding.png|900px]]
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* 7th Framework Programme. Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (DISEASENVIRON, PCIG10-GA-2011-303568) of the European Union.
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* Ramón y Cajal Program (RYC-2011-07847) of the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Spain).
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* BFU2013-41337-P grant of the Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain).

Current revision



Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Barcelona (UB)
Department of Natural Products,
Plant Biology and Soil Science.
Av. Joan XXIII s/n
08028 Barcelona

alcazar.openwetware.org--thumb.jpg


Genetics of Plant-Environment Interactions

Dear visitor,

Welcome to the website of the Alcázar Lab at the University of Barcelona. We study the genetic and molecular bases for the adaptation of plants to their local environments. We focus on the evolutionary adaptation of plant populations to abiotic and biotic stresses, which are major challenges for plant survival. Derived from our basic research, we investigate ways for improving stress protection.


For a more detailed view of our research, please have a look at our Research Projects and Scientific Publications sections. You can follow an updated list of our activities and publications in the NEWS section below.





CURRENT AREAS OF RESEARCH



1. Natural variation and evolution of immune resistance genes in plants.

Plant resistance to pathogens is an important field of research with direct applications and we study it from an evolutionary, population genetics and molecular view. We currently study the molecular bases and evolution of Resistance genes and other loci that condition immune activation. We do so by studying Arabidopsis natural hybrids that exhibit activation of defense and fitness loss. We explore the mechanisms that have naturally evolved in plant populations to resist against pathogens and how the immune receptor repertoire is selected and diversified. At the direct interface between plants and the environment, we study how temperature modulates some plant immune responses.

2. Natural variation of abiotic stress tolerance and adaptation

We investigate the molecular and genetic mechanisms underlying the naturally occurring tolerance to abiotic stresses in plant populations. We're currently studying the genetic bases for the naturally occurring variation of stress protective metabolites that condition resistance in plants in collaboration with other laboratories.


News and Announcements e-Board

NEW! 
11 Dec 2014. Exploring the maintenance and diversity of plant immunity genes in nature in PLoS Genetics by Alcázar et al.
E-book in Frontiers in Plant Science 2014, by Antonio F. Tiburcio and Rubén Alcázar, Eds.

Editorial article by Ruben Alcazar & A.F. Tiburcio in Frontiers in Plant Science 2014:
Plant polyamines in stress and development: an emerging area of research in plant sciences 
Review: The Roles of Polyamines during the lifespan of plants:from development to stress Tiburcio AF, Altabella T, Bitrián M and Alcázar R. (2014) Planta 240: 1-18.

PRESS RELEASES

PLoS Genet 2014 highlight by Max Planck Institute, Cologne. 11.12.14.
Arabidopsis semidwarfs: the green revolution in nature 02.12.2013. University of Barcelona.
Hybrid plants with over-reactive immune system 17.11.2010. Max Planck Society.



Rubén Alcázar is Ramón y Cajal Researcher at the Department of Natural Products, Plant Biology and Soil Science of the University of Barcelona.



Research in Alcázar Lab is supported by:


  • 7th Framework Programme. Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (DISEASENVIRON, PCIG10-GA-2011-303568) of the European Union.
  • Ramón y Cajal Program (RYC-2011-07847) of the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Spain).
  • BFU2013-41337-P grant of the Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain).

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