# BIOL398-03/S13:Week 8

BIOL398-03: Biomathematical Modeling

MATH 388-01: Survey of Biomathematics

Loyola Marymount University

This journal entry is due on Thursday, March 15 at midnight PDT (Wednesday night/Thursday morning). NOTE that the server records the time as Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). Therefore, midnight will register as 03:00.

## Individual Journal Assignment

• Store this journal entry as "username Week 8" (i.e., this is the text to place between the square brackets when you link to this page).
• Create the following set of links. (HINT: you can do all of this easily by adding them to your template and then using the template on your pages.)
• Link to your journal entry from your user page.
• Link back from your journal entry to your user page.
• Link to this assignment from your journal entry.
• Don't forget to add the "BIOL398-03/S13" category to the end of your wiki page.

### Introduction to Microarrays

#### Answer the following Discovery Questions from Chapter 4

5. (p. 110) Choose two genes from Figure 4.6 https://mylmuconnect.lmu.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_tab_group_id=_2_1&url=%2Fwebapps%2Fblackboard%2Fexecute%2Flauncher%3Ftype%3DCourse%26id%3D_57614_1%26url%3D (PDF of figures on MyLMUConnect)] and draw a graph to represent the change in transcription over time. *Note: Dr. Dahlquist said that this will be done on a seperate piece of paper to be submitted in class on Thursday.

6b. (p. 110) Look at Figure 4.7, which depicts the loss of oxygen over time and the transcriptional response of three genes. These data are the ratios of transcription for genes X, Y, and Z during the depletion of oxygen. Using the color scale from Figure 4.6 (bright, medium, dim green, black, dim, medium, or bright red), determine the color for each ratio in Figure 4.7b.

7. (p. 110) Were any of the genes in Figure 4.7b transcribed similarly?

9. (p. 118) Why would most spots be yellow at the first time point?

10. (p. 118) Go to http://www.yeastgenome.org and search for the gene TEF4; you will see it is involved in translation. Look at the time point labeled OD 3.7 in Figure 4.12, and find the TEF4 spot. Over the course of this experiment, was TEF4 induced or repressed? Hypothesize why TEF4’s gene regulation was part of the cell’s response to a reduction in available glucose (i.e., the only available food).

11. (p. 120) Why would TCA cycle genes be induced if the glucose supply is running out?

12. (p. 120) What mechanism could the genome use to ensure genes for enzymes in a common pathway are induced or repressed simultaneously?

13. (p. 121) Given rule one on page 109, what color would you see on a DNA chip when cells had their repressor gene TUP1 deleted?

14. (p. 121) What color spots would you expect to see on the chip when the transcription factor Yap1p is overexpressed?

15. (p. 121) Could the loss of a repressor or the overexpression of a transcription factor result in the repression of a particular gene?

16. (p. 121) What types of control spots would you like to see in this type of experiment? How could you verify that you had truly deleted or overexpressed a particular gene?

## Shared Journal Assignment

• Store your journal entry in the shared Class Journal Week 8 page. If this page does not exist yet, go ahead and create it (congratulations on getting in first :) )
• Link to your journal entry from your user page.
• Link back from the journal entry to your user page.
• Sign your portion of the journal with the standard wiki signature shortcut (`~~~~`).
• Add the "BIOL398-03/S13" category to the end of the wiki page (if someone has not already done so).

### Reflection

1. What aspect of this assignment came most easily to you?
2. What aspect of this assignment was the most challenging for you?
3. What (yet) do you not understand?
4. What aspect of microarrays would you like to know more about?