BISC219/F13: RNAi Lab 7

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(Lab 7: Series 3 - Examining the effect of heat shock on the CL2070 strain)
(Lab 7: Series 3 - Examining the effect of heat shock on the CL2070 strain)
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== Lab 7: Series 3 - Examining the effect of heat shock on the CL2070 strain ==
== Lab 7: Series 3 - Examining the effect of heat shock on the CL2070 strain ==
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Overview
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Gene expression is the process in which a gene (DNA) becomes transcribed, translated, and processed to produce the encoded protein and deliver that protein to its proper destination in the cell.  Gene expression is the direct result of the Central Dogma of Biology which is the focus of this unit:
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(DNA (transcribed into)→ RNA (translated into) → Protein)
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In order for transcription of a given gene to take place, a complement of proteins called transcription factors must bind to a unique region of the DNA called a promoter region. In short, in most cases, the binding or release of a protein transcription factor at a DNA promoter region serves to switch gene expression on and off. One way cells respond to stimuli or “stress” is to make or activate specific transcription factors required to bind to a particular gene’s promoter.
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Transcription factors interact with → (DNA (transcribed into)→ RNA (translated into) → Protein)
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During the next few weeks, you and your group will learn more about the role of heat shock proteins in the stress response.  Heat-shock proteins are produced by cells exposed to many different types of stress—not just heat.  As their name implies, these widely studied proteins were initially detected when cells were exposed to a transient increase in temperature.  This “heat shock” resulted in a temporary loss of cell function, followed by a period of cellular recovery.
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In this unit you will study the role of transcription factors and the heat shock proteins they induce during the stress response.  Specifically, you will  study the induction and activity of heat shock protein 16.2 (HSP 16.2) and a transcription factor called HSF-1 (short for Heat Shock Factor -1) in the model system ''Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans)''.
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During this unit, you will examine the role of of HSP 16.2 and HSF-1 in ''C. elegans'' stress response by using green fluorescent reporter proteins (GFP) and phenotypic observations. To help elucidate the level of gene expression and differential cell and tissue expressivity associated with a stress response, you will perform experiments to knock down HSF-1 gene function using RNA interference (RNAi). Your group will investigate how feeding wild-type worms genetically engineered bacteria harboring ''hsf-1''- interfering RNA will alter normal expression of the heat shock factor-1 gene (''hsf-1'').  You will carefully observe the resulting phenotypes of the progeny of these RNAi worms to determine if the RNAi worms’ response to stress differs from control (non-RNAi) worms.
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'''Instructors will do 24 hours before lab:'''<br>
'''Instructors will do 24 hours before lab:'''<br>

Revision as of 12:48, 16 October 2013


Lab 7: Series 3 - Examining the effect of heat shock on the CL2070 strain

Overview Gene expression is the process in which a gene (DNA) becomes transcribed, translated, and processed to produce the encoded protein and deliver that protein to its proper destination in the cell. Gene expression is the direct result of the Central Dogma of Biology which is the focus of this unit:

(DNA (transcribed into)→ RNA (translated into) → Protein)

In order for transcription of a given gene to take place, a complement of proteins called transcription factors must bind to a unique region of the DNA called a promoter region. In short, in most cases, the binding or release of a protein transcription factor at a DNA promoter region serves to switch gene expression on and off. One way cells respond to stimuli or “stress” is to make or activate specific transcription factors required to bind to a particular gene’s promoter.

Transcription factors interact with → (DNA (transcribed into)→ RNA (translated into) → Protein)

During the next few weeks, you and your group will learn more about the role of heat shock proteins in the stress response. Heat-shock proteins are produced by cells exposed to many different types of stress—not just heat. As their name implies, these widely studied proteins were initially detected when cells were exposed to a transient increase in temperature. This “heat shock” resulted in a temporary loss of cell function, followed by a period of cellular recovery.

In this unit you will study the role of transcription factors and the heat shock proteins they induce during the stress response. Specifically, you will study the induction and activity of heat shock protein 16.2 (HSP 16.2) and a transcription factor called HSF-1 (short for Heat Shock Factor -1) in the model system Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans).

During this unit, you will examine the role of of HSP 16.2 and HSF-1 in C. elegans stress response by using green fluorescent reporter proteins (GFP) and phenotypic observations. To help elucidate the level of gene expression and differential cell and tissue expressivity associated with a stress response, you will perform experiments to knock down HSF-1 gene function using RNA interference (RNAi). Your group will investigate how feeding wild-type worms genetically engineered bacteria harboring hsf-1- interfering RNA will alter normal expression of the heat shock factor-1 gene (hsf-1). You will carefully observe the resulting phenotypes of the progeny of these RNAi worms to determine if the RNAi worms’ response to stress differs from control (non-RNAi) worms.


Instructors will do 24 hours before lab:
Your instructor or our lab specialist will come in 24 hours before lab and "heat shock" one plate each of your worms that have been incubating at 15°C and 23°C. The second plate at each temperature serves as your control. Heat shocking involves moving the worms to a 37°C incubator for 30-45 minutes. The worms will then be placed back at their proper temperature until you use them tomorrow.

To Do in Lab Today
We only have one fluorescent compound scope to view the worms and one fluorescent dissecting scope. While some groups are scoring their worms others will be working with the instructor in the microscope room to view and photograph their worms.

  1. Bring your 4 plates of worms down to the microscope room.
  2. You will first look at your worms and take some pictures under the dissecting scope. Place one of your non-heat shocked plate on the stage of the dissecting scope and expose the worms to the UV light. Record in your notebook what you see. Are the worms glowing? What part of the worms are glowing?
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