Bacterial transformation

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Contents

Introduction

Transformation is the process of introducing foreign DNA (e.g plasmids, BAC) into a bacterium. Bacterial cells into which foreign DNA can be transformed are called "competent". Some bacteria are naturally competent (e.g B. subtilis), whereas others such as E. coli are not naturally competent. Non-competent cells can be made competent and then transformed via one of two main approaches; chemical transformation and electroporation.

There are advantages and disadvantages to both transformation methods. In general, chemical transformation is less prone to error and faster however electroporation produces a higher transformation efficiency (fraction of transformed cells that actually uptake the foreign DNA). See Molecular Cloning for a fuller discussion of both approaches.

Protocols

OpenWetWare already has a number of protocols relating to bacterial transformation but more are always welcome. If you plan on doing a chemical transformation, then you should see these pages -

If you plan on using electroportation, then see these pages -

If you use a variant on one of these protocols please feel free to add a link to your protocol from one of these pages so other users can find a protocol that works for them. Additionally, if anyone uses the Innoe or Hanahan high-efficiency protocols, then please add protocols here.

References

Reference

  1. isbn:0-87969-577-3. [MolecularCloning]

Online version

Media:pat4981797.pdf

Media:pat6274369

Media:pat6706525

Media:pat6709854

Media:pat6855494

Media:pat6960464

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