Codon table

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<td>
<td>
<tt>TTT  Phe  </tt> '''<tt>F'''</tt> [[Phenylalanine]]<br />
<tt>TTT  Phe  </tt> '''<tt>F'''</tt> [[Phenylalanine]]<br />
-
<tt>TTC  Phe  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>F’‘‘</tt> [[Phenylalanine]]<br />
+
<tt>TTC  Phe  </tt> '''<tt>F'''</tt> [[Phenylalanine]]<br />
-
<tt>TTA  Leu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>L’‘‘</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
+
<tt>TTA  Leu  </tt> '''<tt>L'''</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
-
<tt>TTG  Leu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>L’‘‘</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
+
<tt>TTG  Leu  </tt> '''<tt>L'''</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>TCT  Ser  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>S’‘‘</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
+
<tt>TCT  Ser  </tt> '''<tt>S'''</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
-
<tt>TCC  Ser  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>S’‘‘</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
+
<tt>TCC  Ser  </tt> '''<tt>S'''</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
-
<tt>TCA  Ser  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>S’‘‘</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
+
<tt>TCA  Ser  </tt> '''<tt>S'''</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
-
<tt>TCG  Ser  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>S’‘‘</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
+
<tt>TCG  Ser  </tt> '''<tt>S'''</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>TAT  Tyr  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>Y’‘‘</tt> [[Tyrosine]]<br />
+
<tt>TAT  Tyr  </tt> '''<tt>Y'''</tt> [[Tyrosine]]<br />
-
<tt>TAC  Tyr  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>Y’‘‘</tt> [[Tyrosine]]<br />
+
<tt>TAC  Tyr  </tt> '''<tt>Y'''</tt> [[Tyrosine]]<br />
<tt>TAA  Ochre</tt> (''Stop'')<br />
<tt>TAA  Ochre</tt> (''Stop'')<br />
<tt>TAG  Amber</tt> (''Stop'')<br />
<tt>TAG  Amber</tt> (''Stop'')<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>TGT  Cys  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>C’‘‘</tt> [[Cysteine]]<br />
+
<tt>TGT  Cys  </tt> '''<tt>C'''</tt> [[Cysteine]]<br />
-
<tt>TGC  Cys  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>C’‘‘</tt> [[Cysteine]]<br />
+
<tt>TGC  Cys  </tt> '''<tt>C'''</tt> [[Cysteine]]<br />
<tt>TGA  Opal </tt> (''Stop'')<br />
<tt>TGA  Opal </tt> (''Stop'')<br />
-
<tt>TGG  Trp  </tt>'''W’‘‘</tt> [[Tryptophan]]<br />
+
<tt>TGG  Trp  </tt>'''W'''</tt> [[Tryptophan]]<br />
</td>
</td>
</tr>
</tr>
Line 42: Line 42:
<th><tt>C</tt></th>
<th><tt>C</tt></th>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>CTT  Leu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>L’‘‘</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
+
<tt>CTT  Leu  </tt> '''<tt>L'''</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
-
<tt>CTC  Leu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>L’‘‘</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
+
<tt>CTC  Leu  </tt> '''<tt>L'''</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
-
<tt>CTA  Leu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>L’‘‘</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
+
<tt>CTA  Leu  </tt> '''<tt>L'''</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
-
<tt>CTG  Leu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>L’‘‘</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
+
<tt>CTG  Leu  </tt> '''<tt>L'''</tt> [[Leucine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>CCT  Pro  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>P’‘‘</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
+
<tt>CCT  Pro  </tt> '''<tt>P'''</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
-
<tt>CCC  Pro  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>P’‘‘</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
+
<tt>CCC  Pro  </tt> '''<tt>P'''</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
-
<tt>CCA  Pro  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>P’‘‘</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
+
<tt>CCA  Pro  </tt> '''<tt>P'''</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
-
<tt>CCG  Pro  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>P’‘‘</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
+
<tt>CCG  Pro  </tt> '''<tt>P'''</tt> [[Proline]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>CAT  His  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>H’‘‘</tt> [[Histidine]]<br />
+
<tt>CAT  His  </tt> '''<tt>H'''</tt> [[Histidine]]<br />
-
<tt>CAC  His  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>H’‘‘</tt> [[Histidine]]<br />
+
<tt>CAC  His  </tt> '''<tt>H'''</tt> [[Histidine]]<br />
-
<tt>CAA  Gln  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>Q’‘‘</tt> [[Glutamine]]<br />
+
<tt>CAA  Gln  </tt> '''<tt>Q'''</tt> [[Glutamine]]<br />
-
<tt>CAG  Gln  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>Q’‘‘</tt> [[Glutamine]]<br />
+
<tt>CAG  Gln  </tt> '''<tt>Q'''</tt> [[Glutamine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>CGT  Arg  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>R’‘‘</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
+
<tt>CGT  Arg  </tt> '''<tt>R'''</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
-
<tt>CGC  Arg  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>R’‘‘</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
+
<tt>CGC  Arg  </tt> '''<tt>R'''</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
-
<tt>CGA  Arg  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>R’‘‘</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
+
<tt>CGA  Arg  </tt> '''<tt>R'''</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
-
<tt>CGG  Arg  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>R’‘‘</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
+
<tt>CGG  Arg  </tt> '''<tt>R'''</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
</tr>
</tr>
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<th><tt>A</tt></th>
<th><tt>A</tt></th>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>ATT  Ile  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>I’‘‘</tt> [[Isoleucine]]<br />
+
<tt>ATT  Ile  </tt> '''<tt>I'''</tt> [[Isoleucine]]<br />
-
<tt>ATC  Ile  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>I’‘‘</tt> [[Isoleucine]]<br />
+
<tt>ATC  Ile  </tt> '''<tt>I'''</tt> [[Isoleucine]]<br />
-
<tt>ATA  Ile  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>I’‘‘</tt> [[Isoleucine]]<br />
+
<tt>ATA  Ile  </tt> '''<tt>I'''</tt> [[Isoleucine]]<br />
-
<tt>ATG  Met  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>M’‘‘</tt> [[Methionine]], ''Start''<br />
+
<tt>ATG  Met  </tt> '''<tt>M'''</tt> [[Methionine]], ''Start''<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>ACT  Thr  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>T’‘‘</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
+
<tt>ACT  Thr  </tt> '''<tt>T'''</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
-
<tt>ACC  Thr  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>T’‘‘</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
+
<tt>ACC  Thr  </tt> '''<tt>T'''</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
-
<tt>ACA  Thr  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>T’‘‘</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
+
<tt>ACA  Thr  </tt> '''<tt>T'''</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
-
<tt>ACG  Thr  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>T’‘‘</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
+
<tt>ACG  Thr  </tt> '''<tt>T'''</tt> [[Threonine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>AAT  Asn  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>N’‘‘</tt> [[Asparagine]]<br />
+
<tt>AAT  Asn  </tt> '''<tt>N'''</tt> [[Asparagine]]<br />
-
<tt>AAC  Asn  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>N’‘‘</tt> [[Asparagine]]<br />
+
<tt>AAC  Asn  </tt> '''<tt>N'''</tt> [[Asparagine]]<br />
-
<tt>AAA  Lys  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>K’‘‘</tt> [[Lysine]]<br />
+
<tt>AAA  Lys  </tt> '''<tt>K'''</tt> [[Lysine]]<br />
-
<tt>AAG  Lys  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>K’‘‘</tt> [[Lysine]]<br />
+
<tt>AAG  Lys  </tt> '''<tt>K'''</tt> [[Lysine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>AGT  Ser  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>S’‘‘</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
+
<tt>AGT  Ser  </tt> '''<tt>S'''</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
-
<tt>AGC  Ser  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>S’‘‘</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
+
<tt>AGC  Ser  </tt> '''<tt>S'''</tt> [[Serine]]<br />
-
<tt>AGA  Arg  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>R’‘‘</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
+
<tt>AGA  Arg  </tt> '''<tt>R'''</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
-
<tt>AGG  Arg  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>R’‘‘</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
+
<tt>AGG  Arg  </tt> '''<tt>R'''</tt> [[Arginine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
</tr>
</tr>
Line 98: Line 98:
<th><tt>G</tt></th>
<th><tt>G</tt></th>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>GTT  Val  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>V’‘‘</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
+
<tt>GTT  Val  </tt> '''<tt>V'''</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
-
<tt>GTC  Val  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>V’‘‘</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
+
<tt>GTC  Val  </tt> '''<tt>V'''</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
-
<tt>GTA  Val  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>V’‘‘</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
+
<tt>GTA  Val  </tt> '''<tt>V'''</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
-
<tt>GTG  Val  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>V’‘‘</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
+
<tt>GTG  Val  </tt> '''<tt>V'''</tt> [[Valine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>GCT  Ala  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>A’‘‘</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
+
<tt>GCT  Ala  </tt> '''<tt>A'''</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
-
<tt>GCC  Ala  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>A’‘‘</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
+
<tt>GCC  Ala  </tt> '''<tt>A'''</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
-
<tt>GCA  Ala  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>A’‘‘</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
+
<tt>GCA  Ala  </tt> '''<tt>A'''</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
-
<tt>GCG  Ala  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>A’‘‘</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
+
<tt>GCG  Ala  </tt> '''<tt>A'''</tt> [[Alanine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>GAT  Asp  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>D’‘‘</tt> [[Aspartic acid]]<br />
+
<tt>GAT  Asp  </tt> '''<tt>D'''</tt> [[Aspartic acid]]<br />
-
<tt>GAC  Asp  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>D’‘‘</tt> [[Aspartic acid]]<br />
+
<tt>GAC  Asp  </tt> '''<tt>D'''</tt> [[Aspartic acid]]<br />
-
<tt>GAA  Glu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>E’‘‘</tt> [[Glutamic acid]]<br />
+
<tt>GAA  Glu  </tt> '''<tt>E'''</tt> [[Glutamic acid]]<br />
-
<tt>GAG  Glu  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>E’‘‘</tt> [[Glutamic acid]]<br />
+
<tt>GAG  Glu  </tt> '''<tt>E'''</tt> [[Glutamic acid]]<br />
</td>
</td>
<td>
<td>
-
<tt>GGT  Gly  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>G’‘‘</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
+
<tt>GGT  Gly  </tt> '''<tt>G'''</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
-
<tt>GGC  Gly  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>G’‘‘</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
+
<tt>GGC  Gly  </tt> '''<tt>G'''</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
-
<tt>GGA  Gly  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>G’‘‘</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
+
<tt>GGA  Gly  </tt> '''<tt>G'''</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
-
<tt>GGG  Gly  </tt> ‘‘‘<tt>G’‘‘</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
+
<tt>GGG  Gly  </tt> '''<tt>G'''</tt> [[Glycine]]<br />
</td>
</td>
</tr>
</tr>

Revision as of 12:50, 2 June 2006

Codon table

<tr> <th>C</th> <td> CTT Leu LLeucine
CTC Leu LLeucine
CTA Leu LLeucine
CTG Leu LLeucine
</td> <td> CCT Pro PProline
CCC Pro PProline
CCA Pro PProline
CCG Pro PProline
</td> <td> CAT His HHistidine
CAC His HHistidine
CAA Gln QGlutamine
CAG Gln QGlutamine
</td> <td> CGT Arg RArginine
CGC Arg RArginine
CGA Arg RArginine
CGG Arg RArginine
</td> </tr> <tr> <th>A</th> <td> ATT Ile IIsoleucine
ATC Ile IIsoleucine
ATA Ile IIsoleucine
ATG Met MMethionine, Start
</td> <td> ACT Thr TThreonine
ACC Thr TThreonine
ACA Thr TThreonine
ACG Thr TThreonine
</td> <td> AAT Asn NAsparagine
AAC Asn NAsparagine
AAA Lys KLysine
AAG Lys KLysine
</td> <td> AGT Ser SSerine
AGC Ser SSerine
AGA Arg RArginine
AGG Arg RArginine
</td> </tr> <tr> <th>G</th> <td> GTT Val VValine
GTC Val VValine
GTA Val VValine
GTG Val VValine
</td> <td> GCT Ala AAlanine
GCC Ala AAlanine
GCA Ala AAlanine
GCG Ala AAlanine
</td> <td> GAT Asp DAspartic acid
GAC Asp DAspartic acid
GAA Glu EGlutamic acid
GAG Glu EGlutamic acid
</td> <td> GGT Gly GGlycine
GGC Gly GGlycine
GGA Gly GGlycine
GGG Gly GGlycine
</td> </tr> </table> 1The codon ATG both codes for methionine and serves as an initiation site: the first ATG in an mRNA's coding region is where translation into protein begins.
2UGA can also code for selenomethionine: the twenty-first amino acid, discovered in 1986.
3UAG can also code for pyrrolysine: the twenty-second amino acid, discovered in 2002.
T C A G
T

TTT Phe F Phenylalanine
TTC Phe F Phenylalanine
TTA Leu L Leucine
TTG Leu L Leucine

TCT Ser S Serine
TCC Ser S Serine
TCA Ser S Serine
TCG Ser S Serine

TAT Tyr Y Tyrosine
TAC Tyr Y Tyrosine
TAA Ochre (Stop)
TAG Amber (Stop)

TGT Cys C Cysteine
TGC Cys C Cysteine
TGA Opal (Stop)
TGG Trp W</tt> Tryptophan