Critical micelle concentration (CMC)

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Schematic of a phospholipid micelle
Schematic of a phospholipid micelle

Critical micelle concentration (CMC) is defined as the concentration of detergents above which micelles are spontaneously formed. The CMC is important in biology because at concentrations above it the detergents form complexes with lipophilic proteins. Below this borderline, detergents merely partition into membranes without solubilising membrane proteins.

Detergent CMC (mM) MW (-H2O) Type
BRIJ 35 0.09 ~1200 non-ionic
NP-40 0.05-0.3 603 non-ionic
Triton X-100 xxx yyy non-ionic
Tween 20 0.059 - non-ionic
SDS 7-10 288.5 ionic
CHAPS 6-10 614.9 zwitterionic


Sources

See also

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