From OpenWetWare

Revision as of 01:49, 2 November 2010 by Fahed Jbarah (Talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search


Alex Holcombe
Sarah McIntyre
Fahed Jbarah
• Shih-Yu Lo
• Patrick Goodbourn
Lizzy Nguyen


Skills Checklist
Python Programming
Psychopy/VisionEgg Installation Notes
R analysis,plot,stats
Verifying timing
Programming Cheat Sheets

Lum&Color in Psychopy
Clean the screen
Using Bits++
Eye Trackers
Motion Tracking

Monitor calibration

  • Ione Fine has a good explanation of monitor calibration
  • OSX has built-in software, accessed through System Preferences->Displays->Color->Calibrate that uses visual ramps to allow you to estimate gamma. It then creates an .icc monitor calibration file
  • Psychopy also has a pair of demos to help estimate gamma. Just open and run "gammaMotionNull.py" from the "Demos" menu. The program requires you to press the up/down cursor keys depending on the apparent direction of motion of the bars. If you then run the "gammaMotionAnalysis.py" program on the data file which psychopy creates, it should give you an estimate of screen gamma.

Using the Spyder2Pro or Spyder3Elite

For luminance in cd per meter squared, use the Y of the xyY

Spyder3Elite software code: AD29-D4DD-49CE-7ED7

File->Profile Target: linear grayscale Luminance Mode: measured

Use the following psychopy program to test the luminance grating (setting the patchstim contrast to 0.0 should result in a luminance value (the Y of the xyY in the spyder Colorimeter - Tools->Colorimeter) which is equal to the average of luminance values of the dark and light grey bars when contrast is set to 1.0) Media:Test.zip

Using the Minolta Spectrophotometer

General info about photopic,scotopic

The best reference for luminance values that are photopic (cone vision) versus scotopic (rod vision) is Donald Hood's chapter in Handbook of perception and performance. We have a good table of luminance, retinal illuminance, pupil size, etc. values from that chapter in the lab.

Alex White's experiment

In Alex White's buttonpress experiment we attempted to bring all stimuli down into the photopic range. To do this we got some neutral density filter sheets to put over the screen. We combined 3 filters: two 0.6ND (Lee Filters number 210) filters and one 0.9ND (Lee number 211) filter. This combined filter transmits 0.73% of light.

When using these filters on the Viewsonic G810 monitor, with contrast to max and brightness to min, the dimmest spinning bar (0.2 by 3 degrees visual angle) we could see well on a black background was 0.01 cd/m^2.

To find out if this luminance value is in the scotopic (rod-only) range, we tried to see how well we could perceive color. We did that by comparing that spinning bar with a green and a red spinning bar (painted with only the R and G guns), and adjusted the luminance of the red and green ones to see if those ever were indistinguishable from each other and from the gray bar. They weren't; Alex H, Alex W, and Dani could all still see color even in that range.

Actually for me (AH), as I take the red gun and slowly make it brighter, it seems that as soon as I can detect the bar I can see that it is red. This suggests that the cones are close to the most sensitive mechanism in this condition, probably because these stimuli are parafovea. When I look at them in the periphery just several degrees (after dark adaptation) the stimuli all look much brighter and it's harder to discriminate the colors. This tells us if we want to do a truly scotopic version of Alex's experiment, we'd have to use stimuli that extend farther into the periphery. This probably also would overcome the issue of the bars getting so fuzzy and occasionally invisible when very dim- they were too close to the rod scotoma of the fovea.--Alex O. Holcombe 05:41, 13 June 2008 (UTC)

--Alex L. White 06:04, 13 June 2008 (UTC)
Personal tools