IGEM:Harvard/2006/DNA nanostructures/Notebook/2006-8-7

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Contents

AscI digestion protocol proposal

adopted from Wednesday's proposal

Initial test, just oligos

Start by trying to digest ~25 ng DNA.

1 unit = enough enzyme to digest 1 μg DNA at 37[[:Category:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] in 1 h in a total reaction volume of 50 μL [1]

  • = enough enzyme to digest 5 μg DNA at 37[[:Category:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] in 1 h in a total reaction volume of 10 μL
  • = enough enzyme to digest 1 μg DNA at 37[[:Category:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] in 12 min. in a total reaction volume of 10 μL

Mix together, adding enzyme last:

  • 998 fmols (14.0 ng) ligand DNA (MW = 14,027 Da [2]) = 1 μL 1 μM
    • 45 nt: TAAAGAAACTCGGATGCGCCACGCAGGATTGGGGCGCGCCCGCGG
  • 1 pmol (11.3 ng) attachment DNA c4.0.6.1.ob (MW = 11,259.3 Da) = 1 μL 1 μM
    • 37 nt: AAGGCTCCGATCTATTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
  • 2 μL 10x BSA
  • 2 μL 10x NEBuffer 4 [3]
  • 25 ng DNA should require 0.025 units (25 milliunits) for a 12-minute digest. Do the following trials:
    • no enzyme, 12-minute digest
    • no enzyme, 24-minute digest
    • 50 milliunits (1 μL 50 milliunits/μL), 12-minute digest
    • 500 milliunits (1 μL 500 milliunits/μL), 12-minute digest
    • 50 milliunits (1 μL 50 milliunits/μL), 24-minute digest
    • 500 milliunits (1 μL 500 milliunits/μL), 24-minute digest
  • water to 20 μL

Incubate samples at 37[[:Category:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] for specified time. Added 1 μL 10x TBE loading dye. Run on an 4-20% gradient TBE PA gel for 1 h at 120 V. Stained w/ SYBR Gold for 30 min. Imaged under EtBr filter.

  • expected ss sizes
    • 34 nt, 11 nt (digested ligand)
    • 29 nt, 8 nt (digested attachment DNA)
    • 45 nt (undigested ligand)
    • 37 nt (undigested attachment DNA)

First gel analysis


Lane Contents
110 μL 25 bp+ ladder
210 μL 10 bp+ ladder
310 μL -enzyme, 12 min.
410 μL 50 mU, 12 min.
510 μL 500 mU, 12 min.
610 μL -enzyme, 24 min.
710 μL 50 mU, 24 min.
810 μL 500 mU, 24 min.
910 μL 10 bp+ ladder
1010 μL 25 bp+ ladder

Results/discussion:

  • gel shows poor resolution at low MW
  • lack of one-DNA controls makes gel difficult to interpret

Second gel analysis

Made two new controls:

  • no enzyme, no oligo ligand; just attachment DNA + buffer + BSA + dye
  • no enzyme, no attachment DNA; just oligo ligand + buffer + BSA + dye

Another gel: 18% Tris-Gly PA gel, 1.5 h at 120 V. Stained w/ SYBR Gold. Imaged w/ EtBr filter.

Lane Contents
15 μL 25 bp+ ladder
25 μL 10 bp+ ladder
310 μL attachment DNA control mix
410 μL oligo ligand control mix
510 μL -enzyme, 12 min.
610 μL 50 mU, 12 min.
710 μL 500 mU, 12 min.
810 μL -enzyme, 24 min.
910 μL 50 mU, 24 min.
1010 μL 500 mU, 24 min.
115 μL 10 bp+ ladder
125 μL 25 bp+ ladder

Results/discussion:

  • lane 3 shows ss attachment DNA (37 nt) at about 85 bp
  • lane 4 shows oligo ligand DNA (45 nt) at about 28 bp
    • this is perplexing as to why shorter DNA is running slower -- maybe mixed them up when loading lanes 3 and 4?
  • lanes 5, 8 shows ds construct slightly gel shifted from lane 3
  • lanes 6, 9 show partial digestion from partial disappearance of band in lanes 5 and 8, as well as appearance of digested DNA (29 nt) at about 20 bp
  • lanes 7, 10 show more complete digestion from near complete disappearance of band in lanes 5 and 8, as well as further appearance of digested DNA
  • lanes 10 shows higher concentration of DNA at dye front, which likely contains extra smaller digest products
  • increased concentration of enzyme appears to be more important than digest duration, although increased duration (lane 7 vs. lane 10) appears to help as well

Microcon Fractionation Trials

Do the following with both 6hb and c5.0 barrels:

  • reserve 40 uL (1 rxn) of folded nanostructure for gel
  • mix 200ul (5 rxns) of nanostructure + 200uL of dH2O
    • add 200uL of this dilution to Microcon sample reservoir
    • mark tube to be able to determine when 200uL is in it
  • add remaining 200uL of dilution to sample reservoir; cap
  • spin for 1 minute at 14,000 g (max spin speed recommended in Microcon manual)
    • remove from centrifuge and assess remaining liquid in sample reservoir
    • repeat till liquid remaining is 200uL
      • spinning down to 200uL from 400uL takes 3 min
  • remove the 200uL of flowthrough at the bottom of the vial for gel
    • repeat 4x (until there are 5 fractions total)
  • for the final 200uL, reverse the sample reservoir and place into a sample-collecting vial, as instructed by the Microcon manual
    • spin at 1g for 1min
  • run a gel for 1hr @ 110V with:
lane 0: 10uL 1x 1kb ladder

c5.0
----
lane 1: 40uL original reaction
lane 2: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 1 of the flowthrough (should contain the bulk of the oligos)
lane 3: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 2 of the flowthrough
lane 4: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 3 of the flowthrough
lane 5: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 4 of the flowthrough
lane 6: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 5 of the flowthrough
lane 7: 40uL (out of 200uL) of final "top" product (should contain the nanostructures)

6hb
----
lane 8: 40uL original reaction
lane 9: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 1 of the flowthrough (should contain the bulk of the oligos)
lane 10: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 2 of the flowthrough
lane 11: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 3 of the flowthrough
lane 12: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 4 of the flowthrough
lane 13: 40uL (out of 200uL) of fraction 5 of the flowthrough
lane 14: 40uL (out of 200uL) of final "top" product (should contain the nanostructures)
  • Conclusions:
    • Due to image taker's error, gel image isn't bright enough to be entirely conclusive in saying that there were no oligos in the Microcon "elute"
    • Seems to be some reduced yield post-Microcon, but the recovery was only done for 1 min at 1300g, rather than 3 min - this was noted only after 8/9.
    • The flowthroughs might have oligos in them, but because they were not concentrated down from 200uL per fraction, and only 40uL was loaded into each well, it is hard to say that the Microcon did or didn't work.

Mg2+, 1:6x Titrations for Folding

  • aliquoted 20uL of each of the 6 rxns post-folding for gel
  • with the other 20uL of the 6 rxns, PEG precipitated:
Added:
   20uL 20% PEG
   10uL 2.5M NaCl
Iced for 15 min
Spun at 4 deg C for 10 min
Removed supernatant (50uL) to a separate tube
Reconstituted pellet in 20uL H2O
  • ran gel @ 100V for 1hr; loaded 20uL of each component with 2uL of loading dye:
lane 0: 10uL 1x 1kb ladder
lane 1: 4.5uL scaffold (44nM)
lane 2: 10nM Mg2+ final concentration, 1x oligos, PELLET
lane 3: 10nM Mg2+ final concentration, 1x oligos, SUPERNATANT
lane 4: 20nM Mg2+ final concentration, 1x oligos, PELLET
lane 5: 20nM Mg2+ final concentration, 1x oligos, SUPERNATANT
lane 6: 30nM Mg2+ final concentration, 1x oligos, PELLET
lane 7: 30nM Mg2+ final concentration, 1x oligos, SUPERNATANT
lane 8: 10nM Mg2+ final concentration, 6x oligos, PELLET
lane 9: 10nM Mg2+ final concentration, 6x oligos, SUPERNATANT
lane 10: 20nM Mg2+ final concentration, 6x oligos, PELLET
lane 11: 20nM Mg2+ final concentration, 6x oligos, SUPERNATANT
lane 12: 30nM Mg2+ final concentration, 6x oligos, PELLET
lane 13: 30nM Mg2+ final concentration, 6x oligos, SUPERNATANT


  • Conclusions:
    • Once again due to image taker's error, gel is too dark to be certain no oligos are present in the pellets, or aren't present in the supernatants.
    • The supernatants were not concentrated, so only 40uL (1/5) of their total contents were loaded into the gel, which might also make it difficult to come to a conclusion about the efficacy of the PEG precipitation.
    • (When the gel image taker was visualizing the gel on the computer, no visible oligos were seen in pellet lanes - this is not entirely conclusive, as no physical evidence is available, though.)
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