IGEM:MIT/2007/Heavy Metals

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==Cadmium==
==Cadmium==
-
*MCL: 5 ppb
+
*MCL(Maximum Containment Level): 5 ppb
-
*MCLG: 5 ppb
+
*MCLG(Maximum Containment Level Goal): 5 ppb
*Known Carcinogen
*Known Carcinogen
 +
*Cadmium Contamination Sites
*Cadmium Contamination Sites
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:**statistics on Pb, Cd, Cr levels in well water surrounding a Coca-Cola plant (2006)
:**statistics on Pb, Cd, Cr levels in well water surrounding a Coca-Cola plant (2006)
:**pictures too :)
:**pictures too :)
 +
*Most recent(June06) paper on e.coli bioaccumulation of Cd
*Most recent(June06) paper on e.coli bioaccumulation of Cd
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#Satarug03 pmid=12505433
#Satarug03 pmid=12505433
</biblio>
</biblio>
 +
*Promoters
*Promoters
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*contains sequence for ZntR/CadR and PzntA/PcadA
*contains sequence for ZntR/CadR and PzntA/PcadA
** Semmie's article on CadC linked with GFP [http://www.springerlink.com/content/d4f4fk82bnh3j9jv/fulltext.pdf]
** Semmie's article on CadC linked with GFP [http://www.springerlink.com/content/d4f4fk82bnh3j9jv/fulltext.pdf]
 +
==Mercury==
==Mercury==
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*MCLG: 2 ppb
*MCLG: 2 ppb
*20 ppb makes the fish mercury buildup significant
*20 ppb makes the fish mercury buildup significant
 +
 +
*Polluted sites
*Polluted sites
**Onondaga lake [http://www.aslf.org/OnondagaLake/] [http://www.aslf.org/ONONDAGALAKE/gallery1.html] [http://www.upstatefreshwater.org/html/onondaga_lake.html]
**Onondaga lake [http://www.aslf.org/OnondagaLake/] [http://www.aslf.org/ONONDAGALAKE/gallery1.html] [http://www.upstatefreshwater.org/html/onondaga_lake.html]
**Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge [http://ojas.ucok.edu/03/paper/daniels.htm]
**Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge [http://ojas.ucok.edu/03/paper/daniels.htm]
 +
 +
*Detection (to assess our system):  
*Detection (to assess our system):  
:*Gold Nanoparticles http://www.cah.ucf.edu/news/2005-Mercurynose.php
:*Gold Nanoparticles http://www.cah.ucf.edu/news/2005-Mercurynose.php
 +
 +
*Promoter
*Promoter
<biblio>
<biblio>
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</biblio>
</biblio>
:*Plasmid with Pmer, MerR, and reporter (lux, lac, or gfp) tested in e.coli
:*Plasmid with Pmer, MerR, and reporter (lux, lac, or gfp) tested in e.coli
 +
==Current Industry Filtration Techniques==
==Current Industry Filtration Techniques==
Mercury: approved by EPA - Coagulation/Filtration; Granular Activated Carbon; Lime softening; Reverse osmosis.
Mercury: approved by EPA - Coagulation/Filtration; Granular Activated Carbon; Lime softening; Reverse osmosis.

Revision as of 09:53, 6 July 2007

Contents

Reviews

  • A Good Overview (though slightly back-dated): Quantitative assessment of worldwide contamination of air, water and soil by trace metals [1]
  • A summary of Pollutants from the EPA [2]

Cadmium

  • MCL(Maximum Containment Level): 5 ppb
  • MCLG(Maximum Containment Level Goal): 5 ppb
  • Known Carcinogen


  • Cadmium Contamination Sites
  1. Ishihara T, Kobayashi E, Okubo Y, Suwazono Y, Kido T, Nishijyo M, Nakagawa H, and Nogawa K. . pmid:11376862. PubMed HubMed [Ishihara01]
Plachimada, India: [3]
    • statistics on Pb, Cd, Cr levels in well water surrounding a Coca-Cola plant (2006)
    • pictures too :)


  • Most recent(June06) paper on e.coli bioaccumulation of Cd
  1. Deng X, Yi XE, and Liu G. . pmid:16890348. PubMed HubMed [Deng06]


  • Heavy Metal Limits
  1. Staessen JA, Lauwerys RR, Ide G, Roels HA, Vyncke G, and Amery A. . pmid:7911869. PubMed HubMed [Staessen94]
  2. Satarug S, Baker JR, Urbenjapol S, Haswell-Elkins M, Reilly PE, Williams DJ, and Moore MR. . pmid:12505433. PubMed HubMed [Satarug03]
All Medline abstracts: PubMed HubMed


  • Promoters
  1. Brocklehurst KR, Megit SJ, and Morby AP. . pmid:12901859. PubMed HubMed [Brocklehurst03]
  • contains sequence for ZntR/CadR and PzntA/PcadA
    • Semmie's article on CadC linked with GFP [4]


Mercury

  • MCL: 2 ppb
  • MCLG: 2 ppb
  • 20 ppb makes the fish mercury buildup significant


  • Polluted sites
    • Onondaga lake [5] [6] [7]
    • Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge [8]


  • Detection (to assess our system):


  • Promoter
  1. Hansen LH and Sørensen SJ. . pmid:11094290. PubMed HubMed [Hansen00]
  • Plasmid with Pmer, MerR, and reporter (lux, lac, or gfp) tested in e.coli


Current Industry Filtration Techniques

Mercury: approved by EPA - Coagulation/Filtration; Granular Activated Carbon; Lime softening; Reverse osmosis.

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