IGEM:Paris Bettencourt 2012/Previous Biosafety iGEM Projects
|Notebooks||Design||Roadmap||Meetings and to-dos||Protocols||Bibliography||Previous Biosafety iGEM projects|
|Team||Year||Project Name||Project Summary||Biosafety Idea||Efficiency|
| || || ||Kill switch||Kill switch. "Our kill switch is designed by inserting an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) gene into E.Coli"||Used the LIVE/DEAD Baclight Bacterial Viability kit, but don't have any quantitative results in terms of number or proportion of cell death. "The relationship between the concentration of arabinose and the amount and rate of cell death seems linear in nature."|
| || || ||Engineer bacteria to accelerate plant root development|| Toxin/antitoxin. Consits of the insertion of the Holin + Endolysine and Anti Holin genes.
||Anti-holin was expressed in cells, but no experiments for this system have been made. "It seems very likely that our GM E. coli have been able to survive in soil and retain their plasmid for six weeks despite competition and selective pressure against the plasmid."|
| || || ||Bacteria that detects and signals the presence of nitrates||Encapsulation in a gel. We encapsulated our bacteria in beeds made out of a non toxic gel.||Due to the beads, "bacteria are kept separate from the environment, reducing public safety fears." No quantification provided.|
| || || ||Detect chitin,and alert the plant by stimulating an early hypersensitive response against infection.||A few ideas but no design:
| || || ||Optimize production of terpenes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (to help trees fight invading beetles and fungi)|| A few ideas (no design):
| || || ||Heavy metal bioreporter and bioabsorbent engineering|| A few superficial ideas:
| || || || Projects which could be useful for a space travelling:
|| Not about biosafety, but:
They do not believe that their BioBrick parts will have any negative effect on the environment. But they could be interested by our project!
| || || || CONTROLLING ICE FORMATION.
|| Suicide mechanism: DNA nuclease. (ideas)
||No constructions, no results.|
| || || ||Biosensor to detect metals in waste water|| One idea (no design):
| || || ||Decontamination of radioactive cobalt in water by a biofilm|| Biofilm & Adherence =
||No quantitative results.|
| || || ||Sensing methane gas and converting it into methanol|| Kill switch = Toxin temperature induced
||No quantitative results.|
| || || ||Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are chemicals that interact with the endocrine system by binding to hormone receptors, causing problems in sexual development and reproduction of organisms|| Biosafety ideas:
| || || ||Choa Choa's Delivery Service|| Clotho Framework:
Clotho implements the current biosafety standards as outlined by the NIH and the CDC. Whenever a new part is instantiated, Clotho BLAST's its sequence against a databank of known virulence factors and pathogens and returns the RG number of the highest match. This framework ensures that every part in Clotho has a RG value associated with it. In addition, when composite parts are made by joining basic parts, the composite part is also assigned a BSL number. Finally, all strains in Clotho have a risk group.
| || || ||Engineer bacteria to allow them to transport packets of chemicals, and then form a network.||Promoter responsive to synthetic chemicals not present in nature.||Not applicable.|
| || || ||An easy way to allowing the insertion and/or deletion of genes in the E. coli chromosome in a minimal number of steps||FLP recombination to remove resistance gene, eg. FRT - Cm - FRT will remove the Cm resistance gene||"All 32 candidates that contained pINDEL grew on LB but none of them grew on LB Cm plates indicating that all of them have lost the antibiotic resistance cassette, sgowing the the DEL function of pINDEL functions properly."|
| || || ||They want to make bread with yeast producing Vitamin||their yeast strain lacks functional pathways for seven essential aa.|
| || || ||How to express a gene after a certain lifespan. The use Linear DNA, in which a repressor will be degraded after few cell division.|| "they want to control exact cell’s life time (or death time) depending on the number of cell division times.
They get rid of the exonucelase problem by inserting multiple protein binding site that will be degraded when division occurs, but not with exonucleases. The repressor gene is degraded after a certain time."
| || || ||Coli based production of anti-stress compounds in the organism to improve the quality of life|| "no design but two suggestions :
One suggestion in the biosafety of the researcher is to include in the iGEM parts kit the bacterial less endotoxicchassi (developed by Berkeley UC 2007), to avoid serious septic problems in the case of an accident that leads to an intense contact with the bacteria (eye or bloodstream contact, inhalation or ingestion).
Another suggestion for population and environment safety is to (somehow) include in all biobricks an operating unit that detects if the bacteria is not in a culture media (detects some molecule produced through the metabolism of a specific media constituent) and express lysozyme to kill it if it's released in the environment (idea inspired by Team UNICAMP-Brazil 2009)."
| || || || Open source, web based program that involves model-guided cellular engineering where new metabolic functions can be added to existing microorganisms.
||By limiting ATP produced we lessen the chances of a cell growing vigorously and being a potential danger to the environment.
| || || ||Our team has constructed a system that allows for interspecies, bacteria-to-yeast optical communication||A bacterial blackboard using a yeast two hybrid system and luciferase proteins. The blackboard can only be activated with a certain frequency of light, and must be erased with a different frequency of light.|
| || || || The Toluene Terminator is a Pseudomonas putida device that aims to:
||A kill switch that operates through the Enterobacteria phage T4 Lysis Device (lysozyme, holin, and antiholin) created by the Berkley 2008 team. We proposed two mechanisms for cell lysis:
| || || ||Engineering C.elegans for advanced bioremediation|| Kill switch.
This is an indirect kill switch. The teams plans to use a mutant strain of bacteria which has losts its molecules for immortality. It can reproduce for only a couple generation and will then become sterile, leading to the extinction of this bacteria population.
RNAi knockout is a method of gene regulation where double stranded RNA (dsRNA) is introduced to the worm, binding to gene products such as specific RNAs (mRNA), thereby decreasing or eradicating RNA activity by recycling said products. Only a few dsRNA molecules per cell are required to produce effective interference.
"Given that the germ-line of the mrt-2 mutant has a limited number of generations in which it can reproduce, our created strain is timed for eventual extinction of a span between 2 months and 1 year, with the average being 6.25 months". However, no experiment is provided, and so we do not know how they obtained these numbers, but we could assume they come from the literature.
| || || ||Safety device that is off when bateria senses the that it is in its native environment (the fermentor) but that activates and leads to bacterial suicide when the bacteria escapes the fermentor (it senses that it is in a non native environment).||Self killing device that will activate if the bacteria's environment changes and lyse the bacteria's DNA. Turns on in the presence of: low temperature, light, change of osmolality.||The team managed to have the sensor part work (the bacteria can efficiently sense a change in light, temperature and osmolality. However they did not manage to get the lysis module to work. Therefore this system was never completed, so there are no results available in terms of its efficency to prevent bacterial escape from the fermentor.|
| || || ||E. coli collecting heavy metal ions||