Kanamycin

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==Mode of Action==
==Mode of Action==
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Diffuses through the porinchannels in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria.  Interacts with at least three ribosomal proteins, inhibiting protein synthesis and increasing translation errors.
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Bacteriocidal.  Diffuses through the porinchannels in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria.  Interacts with at least three ribosomal proteins, inhibiting protein synthesis and increasing translation errors.
==Mechanism of Resistance==
==Mechanism of Resistance==
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Kanamycin is inactivated by bacterial aminophosphotransferases (APHs). The APHs inactivate kanamycin by transferring the γ-phosphate of ATP to the hydroxyl group in the 3' position of the pseudosaccharide.
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Kanamycin is inactivated by bacterial aminophosphotransferases (APHs). The APHs inactivate kanamycin by transferring the &gamma;-phosphate of ATP to the hydroxyl group in the 3' position of the pseudosaccharide. The ''Kan<sup>R</sup>'' gene codes for kanamycin resistance.  Several versions of this gene exist, with varying crossover resistance to other antibiotics such as [[neomycin]].
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==Working Concentration and Stock Solution==
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Working concentration is 35 &mu;g/ml.  Stock solution is 35 mg/ml in water (kanamycin is insoluble in 50% alcohol).
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==Plate color code==
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Red stripe
==References==
==References==
Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Vol 1.
Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Vol 1.

Revision as of 20:52, 17 December 2005

Contents

Mode of Action

Bacteriocidal. Diffuses through the porinchannels in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria. Interacts with at least three ribosomal proteins, inhibiting protein synthesis and increasing translation errors.

Mechanism of Resistance

Kanamycin is inactivated by bacterial aminophosphotransferases (APHs). The APHs inactivate kanamycin by transferring the γ-phosphate of ATP to the hydroxyl group in the 3' position of the pseudosaccharide. The KanR gene codes for kanamycin resistance. Several versions of this gene exist, with varying crossover resistance to other antibiotics such as neomycin.

Working Concentration and Stock Solution

Working concentration is 35 μg/ml. Stock solution is 35 mg/ml in water (kanamycin is insoluble in 50% alcohol).

Plate color code

Red stripe

References

Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Vol 1.

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