M465:16S rRNA gene sequencing

From OpenWetWare

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Measuring the Quantity of DNA in your PCR product)
Line 21: Line 21:
4. Discard the flow-through and place the QIAquick column back in the same tube. <br> <br>
4. Discard the flow-through and place the QIAquick column back in the same tube. <br> <br>
5. To wash, add 750 ul of buffer PE to the QIAquick column and centrifuge for 30-60 s.  Discard the flow-through and place the column back in the same tube. <br> <br>
5. To wash, add 750 ul of buffer PE to the QIAquick column and centrifuge for 30-60 s.  Discard the flow-through and place the column back in the same tube. <br> <br>
 +
 +
=='''Performing a Big-Dye Reaction'''==
6. Centrifuge the column once more in the provided 2 ml tube to remove residual wash buffer. <br> <br>
6. Centrifuge the column once more in the provided 2 ml tube to remove residual wash buffer. <br> <br>
7. Place each QIAquick column in a clean, 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tube. <br> <br>
7. Place each QIAquick column in a clean, 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tube. <br> <br>

Revision as of 16:41, 19 February 2014


M465

Home        People        Resources        Schedule        Lab Safety        Links to Labs       


Today we will be cleaning up your PCR product, quantifying the DNA, and performing a big-dye sequencing reaction. This kind of sequencing uses Sanger chemistry (more information on that method can be found here and will be covered in class.


Clean up of your PCR product

Before we can sesquence our bacterial 16s rRNA genes, we must remove interfering dNPTs, primers, and other small degraded DNA. We will use a column that separates DNA by size. Since the reagents and column materials in the kit we will use are proprietary, we won't know exactly what is going on at each step but, basicially, we will apply our pcr product to a column of a particular density, wash away elements too small to be trapped in it, and elute off the larger fragments of DNA (that should be ~1500bps if our pcr amplification of the 16s rRNA genes in our soil genomic DNA was successful). Notes before Starting:

95% ethanol has been added to Buffer PE before first time use (see bottle label for volume).
All centrifuge steps are carried out at 17,900rfc (~13,000 rpm in a microcentrifuge) in a conventional tabletop microcentrifuge at room temperature.

Procedure
1. Add 5 volumes of Buffer PB to 1 volume of the PCR reaction and mix. Because our PCR reactions are 20 ul volume, we will be adding 100 ul of buffer PB to the tubes.

2. Place a QIAquick column in a 2 ml collection tube.

3. To bind the DNA to the column, apply the sample to the surface of the QIAquick column and centrifuge for 30-60 seconds.

4. Discard the flow-through and place the QIAquick column back in the same tube.

5. To wash, add 750 ul of buffer PE to the QIAquick column and centrifuge for 30-60 s. Discard the flow-through and place the column back in the same tube.

Performing a Big-Dye Reaction

6. Centrifuge the column once more in the provided 2 ml tube to remove residual wash buffer.

7. Place each QIAquick column in a clean, 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tube.

8. To elute DNA, add 50 ul of buffer EB to the surface of the column - make sure to place this volume at the center of the membrane. Centrifuge the column for 1 minute.

9. The purified DNA should now be at the bottom of your 1.5 mL tube. Discard the column.

IMPORTANT NOTES for using this kit: Ensure that the elution buffer (EB) is dispensed directly onto the spin column membrane for complete elution of bound DNA. The average eluate volume is 48 μl from 50 μl elution buffer volume.
Elution efficiency is dependent on pH. The maximum elution efficiency is achieved between pH 7.0 and 8.5. Store DNA at –20°C as DNA may degrade in the absence of a buffering agent.

Make sure your pcr product is clearly labeled!

Measuring the Quantity of DNA in your PCR product

We will measure the quantity of DNA in your cleaned up PCR reactions using the Synergy H1 spectrophotometer and a Take3 plate. The plate allows us to spot a very small quantity of your DNA (2 ul) on the surface of a glass slide and the spectrophotometer will measure the quantity for us. The Take3 plate can measure 16 samples at once so three of you can measure your PCR reactions from each of your 5 isolates each time.

The spectrophotometer will measure the DNA quantity by taking Absorbance values at A260nm. You can watch this video on using the Take3 plates here


Using the Take3 Plates with the Synergy H1 Spectrophotometer

Clean Up

When the last sample was been measured, clean the sampling device by

Personal tools