Sauer:ATPase assays

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'''Procedure.''' In our lab, we use a 96-well plate reader that measures A<sub>340 nm</sub> over time in a 50 &mu;L reaction volume.   
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'''Procedure.''' In our lab, we use a 96-well plate reader that measures A<sub>340 nm</sub> over time in a 50 &mu;L reaction volume.  Stocks of 20X concentrate are pre-prepared and can be frozen at -80&deg;C until use.
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# Prepare the stock solutions below and aliquot the appropriate volumes of each into 100 &mu;L  aliquots:
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{|border="1"
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|-
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|10 &mu;L || 3750 U/mL pyruvate kinase
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|-
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|10 &mu;L || 4290 U/mL lactacte dehydrogenase
 +
|-
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|8 &mu;L || 250 mM NADH
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|-
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|15 &mu;L || 1 M phosphoenolpyruvate
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|-
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|25 &mu;L || 200 mM ATP
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|-
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|-32 &mu;L || dH<sub>2</sub>O
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|-
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|}
''will get back to this...''
''will get back to this...''

Revision as of 01:03, 15 November 2006

SAUER LAB

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Principle. We use a system that couples ADP formation (from an ATPase of interest) with classical metabolic reactions to quantify ATP hydrolysis rates, as referenced in Norby, JG (1988) Meth enzy, 156, 116-9. The basic principle can be summarized below:


(1) ATP ⇔ ADP + Pi

(2) ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate ⇔ ATP + pyruvate

(3) pyruvate + NADH + H+ ⇔ lactate + NAD+


where reaction (1) is catalyzed by your ATPase, reaction (2) by pyruvate kinase, and reaction (3) by lactate dehydrogenase. Loss of NADH (as monitored by absorbance at 340 nm) is quantifiably proportional to ATP hydrolysis rates because this set of reactions begins with equilibria strongly favoring the forward direction and neither reactions (2) or (3) are rate-determining.


Calculating the ATPase Rate.


T\!otal\mbox{ }AT\!P\!ase\mbox{ }rate = \frac {rate\mbox{ }of\mbox{ }A_{340nm}\mbox{ }signal\mbox{ }loss} {pathlength * 6.23 mM^{-1}cm^{-1}}


By applying the above formula, you'll get some rate expressed in mM per unit time. For the molar activity (i.e., rate per mole of enzyme) simply divide this rate by the enzyme concentration you used in the assay. This will give you a hydrolysis rate in units of per unit time per enzyme.


Procedure. In our lab, we use a 96-well plate reader that measures A340 nm over time in a 50 μL reaction volume. Stocks of 20X concentrate are pre-prepared and can be frozen at -80°C until use.

  1. Prepare the stock solutions below and aliquot the appropriate volumes of each into 100 μL aliquots:
10 μL 3750 U/mL pyruvate kinase
10 μL 4290 U/mL lactacte dehydrogenase
8 μL 250 mM NADH
15 μL 1 M phosphoenolpyruvate
25 μL 200 mM ATP


will get back to this...

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