User:Nathan H. Kipniss/Notebook/20.109 Final Project

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(Papers and Summaries)
(Papers and Summaries)
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-May not be a simple explanation to AA sequence and calcium binding.  
-May not be a simple explanation to AA sequence and calcium binding.  
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- Only one Oxygen in the anionic amino acids coordinate calcium. The other may serve to "recruit" calcium ions
+
- Only one Oxygen in the anionic amino acids coordinate calcium. The other may serve to "recruit" calcium ions.
 +
 
 +
- It may the distribution of charges about a binding site that has a cooperative role.
==Papers Currently being read==
==Papers Currently being read==

Revision as of 11:49, 1 May 2012

Contents

Elucidating the function of D24H Inverse Pericam mutant

Background

In module 2 of 20.109, we created the D24H mutant of inverse pericam. The experimental results from the calcium binding assay was surprising as calcium affinity decreased (Kd increase), yet cooperativtiy increased. For a final research idea, I would like to propose the set of experiments that would elucidate how the addition of a histidine into the first binding loop of inverse pericam can make these changes.

[Media:S12_M2D7_TR-Orange.txt]

Fitted Matlab binding curves
Fitted Matlab binding curves

Ideas

-working under the assumption that the SDM did indeed work (sequencing with BLAST, discontinuous mega-blast suggests it did indeed work)

- consider looking at calmodulin only.

- Pharmaceutical companies often need to know how a drug is interacting with a target. These same techniques could be applied to calmodulin and its target, M13. I currently have a request with MIT libraries to purchase a critical paper (see below).


Papers and Summaries

Junker, JP et al. €œSingle-molecule force spectroscopy distinguishes target binding modes of calmodulin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106.34 (2009): 14361-6.

-Cooperativtiy in CaM and target proteins is target protein dependent.

- Multiple transitions rates exist in CaM and target protein binding (again, protein dependent).

- for skMLCK, one cooperative transition; no intermediates could be found with this approach.

-potential issues: this paper uses worm like chain models to interpret data. How valid is that approximation/assumption?

- this method slows kinetics to actually observe structural transitions

-skMLCK demands that CaM is completely folded when binding.

Waltersson, Y et al. Mutational effects on the cooperativity of Ca2+ binding in calmodulin.” Biochemistry 32.31 (1993): 7866-71.

  • this paper is a bit dated *

-Asp24 is seemingly understudied (in +Z position, either Asp or Asn).

-Paper addresses Asp22, since Asp in +Y position is conserved across all four binding loops.

-May not be a simple explanation to AA sequence and calcium binding.

- Only one Oxygen in the anionic amino acids coordinate calcium. The other may serve to "recruit" calcium ions.

- It may the distribution of charges about a binding site that has a cooperative role.

Papers Currently being read

Grossman,M et al. œAchieving broad molecular insights into dynamic protein interactions by integrated structural-kinetic approaches. Current opinion in structural biology 21.5 (2011): 678-85. Web. 1 Mar. 2012.

Scapin, G. Structural Biology and Drug Discovery. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2006

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