Harvard College 2010
c/o Harvard College PRISE
Leverett Mail Center
28 DeWolfe Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
I have always had a passion for sciences, particularly chemistry, and hope to pursue a joint concentration in Molecular and Cellular Biology and Economics. Eventually, I plan to apply for an MD/PhD program and specialize in digestive disorders.
NanoDrop results (6/20) performed by Ellenor and Stephanie:
(1.5 uL used out of a 30uL elution with nuclease free water)
S: 10.9 ng/uL
S2: 15.4 ng/uL
B: 59.1 ng/uL
B1: 25.1 ng/uL
Brainstorming for the two-component systems (really for my own use for now - not expected to be coherent)
Structural comparison of the PhoB and OmpR DNA binding/transactivation domains and the arrangement of PhoB molecules on the phosphate box
-NMR used to determine 3DE structure of PhoB DNA-binding/transactivation domain. Very similar to OmpR DNA-binding/transactivation domain, except for conformation of the long turn region of PhoB (interaction site for sigma subunit, rather than interaction with alpha subunit for OmpR)
Interdomain linkers of homologous response regulators determine their mechanism of action
Focuses on OmpR and PhoB and, as the title suggests, supports that phosphorylation of sites (particularly N-terminus of both proteins) improves affinity to bind DNA. Isolated C terminus of OmpR is insufficient to productively interact with RNA polymerase.
I've been told by some of the lab members that OmpR is an inner-membrane protein and therefore cannot be used for our assays. It seems that we'll have to find another protein ...
The phosphoryl transfer domain of UhpB interacts with the response regulator UhpA
UhpB = histidine kinase protein that controls production of sugar phosphate transporter UhpT
UhpA = response regulator; when phosphate is transferred from histidine to aspartate, ability of kinase to bind to target DNA sequences and to alter gene transcription is altered.
Major result: indication that phosphoryl, transfer-dimerization of UhpB participates in specific binding of UhpA, in control of autokinase activity, and dephosphorylation of P-UhpA
... So I found this paper on a search on PubMed for e coli outer membrane protein signaling dimerization. However, I've found that UhpA resides in the cytoplasm, whereas UhpB is an inner-membrane protein. Boo.
More thoughts: we could potentially try to target some of these inner-membrane proteins to the outer-membrane. I don't know if this is really feasible - while we can attach the appropriate signal sequence, I'm not sure the environment would allow for correct conformation and activity of said proteins.