IGEM:Harvard/2006/DNA nanostructures/Notebook/2006-7-31

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Contents

Folding & Analysis of design 5

  • Folding
  • Mix the following, for each of .1 to .5 (v1 and v2):
    • 4 uL 500 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 500 mM NaCl, 100 mM MgCl2
    • 16 uL working stock 250 nM each oligo (100 nM each oligo final concentration)
    • 20 uL p7392 20 nM (10 nM final concentration)
  • Anneal from 80°C to 20°C, -1°C per min
2% agarose gel, 0.5 mg/mL EtBr0.5x TBE, 11 mM MgCl2
2% agarose gel, 0.5 mg/mL EtBr
0.5x TBE, 11 mM MgCl2
Lane Contents Loading Buffer
01kb DNA ladder (4 μL)
1naked p7308 (12.5 μL)AGLB (4 μL)
2c5.0 barrel (12.5 μL)AGLB (4 μL)
3naked p7704 (12.5 μL)AGLB (4 μL)
4c5.0 lids (12.5 μL)AGLB (4 μL)
  • Initial folding experiments of Design 5 barrel and lids
  • Barrel
    • Used p7308 scaffold for barrel, as designed
    • Two bands are visible - one brighter band running at slightly faster mobility than naked scaffold, and a second more faint band running running slower, possibly indicating some dimization of the barrels.
  • Lids
    • Used p7704 scaffold because p7572 isn't yet available (should be able to make some by end of Tuesday
    • significant amount of smearing is present, and high-molecular weight species are being retained at the top of the well
    • two slight bands are visible within the smear (again may be monomeric and dimeric species), hopefully indicating that some percentage is properly folded
    • will repeat with p7572 scaffold, possibly decrementing temperature -1°C per 2 min

Redesigning the DNA ligand

It turns out that NotI requires 10bp on each side of the restriction site for succesful digests. George also suggested that we include the restriction site on the double-stranded site of binding between the nanostructure and the oligo, because hairpins could constrain enzyme binding.

We need to redesign the old DNA ligand.

Restriction site choice

Other possible restriction enzymes are listed below. Verified that restriction site does not exist in p7308 using "find" function in Notepad. Minimum number of bp on each side is from NEB chart. Molecular weights and chain lengths are from NEB product technical support (1-800-632-7799).

  • AflIII (ACATGT)
    • sequence not present in p7308
    • >90% yield after 2 hr digest with 2 bp on each side
    • 26,954 Da (233 aa)
  • AscIII (GGCGCGCC)
    • sequence not present in p7308
    • >90% yield after 2 hr digest with 0 bp on each side
    • 50,466 Da (455 aa)
  • StuI (AGGCCT)
    • sequence not present in p7308
    • >90% yield after 2 hr digest with 1 bp on each side
    • 28,518 Da (255 aa)

None of these enzymes has confirmed star activity.

It's advantageous to choose the largest enzyme (least likely to fit into the nanostructure), so we choose AscIII.

Schematic

Random generation script

A sample output:

TAAAGAAACTCGGATGCGCCACGCAGGATTGGGGCGCGCCCGCGG

The script flanks the restriction site with random G-C pairs for stronger Watson-Crick base pairing. Because of the short length (15 bp) of the overlap, it is impossible to introduce another AscIII restriction site, so the script does not check for the additional site. The script was adopted from an earlier version:

#!/usr/bin/python

import random
import sys
import string

BamHI = 'ggatcc'
EcoRI = 'gaattc'
NotI = 'gcggccgc'
AscI = 'ggcgcgcc'
aptamer = 'GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG'

def rev(s):
  return s[::-1]
complement = string.maketrans('ACGTacgt','TGCAtgca')
def comp(s):
  return rev(s.translate(complement))

def hasresite(s):
  
  result = False

  if s.count(BamHI) > 0:
    print 'BamHI found'
    result = True
  elif s.count(EcoRI) > 0:
    print 'EcoRI found'
    result = True
  elif s.count(NotI) > 0:
    print 'NotI found'
    result = True
  elif s.count(AscI) > 0:
    print 'NotI found'
    result = True
  
  return result

# prints random sequence, length specified as argument

def randseq(l):
    flag = True
    s = []
    while (flag == True):
        s = []
        for i in range(l):
            s.append(random.choice(['a', 'c', 'g', 't']))
        flag = hasresite(''.join(s))
    return ''.join(s)

def randseqCG(l):
    flag = True
    s = []
    while (flag == True):
        s = []
        for i in range(l):
            s.append(random.choice(['c', 'g']))
        flag = hasresite(''.join(s))
    return ''.join(s)

#if len(sys.argv) > 1:
#  a = int(sys.argv[1])
#else:
#  sys.exit("usage: ./random-sequence.py [length]")

final_seq = []

##oligo design 1
#final_seq.append(randseq(39))
#final_seq.append(NotI)
#final_seq.append('tttt')
#final_seq.append(NotI)
#final_seq.append('tttt')
#final_seq.append(comp(aptamer))

## oligo design 2
final_seq.append(randseq(30))
final_seq.append(randseqCG(2))
final_seq.append(AscI)
final_seq.append(randseqCG(5))

final_seq = ''.join(final_seq).upper()

print final_seq

Redesigning the "aptamers"

Previously, we had designed ligand oligos that were complimentary to the thrombin aptamer, which meant we could use the existing aptamer sequences. For this new design, however, we need to order new "aptamer" sequences.

Five more thymine nucleotides were added, too, so the enzyme won't have to act as close to the nanostructure.

Old 3.2 aptamer sequences:

c3.2.6.1		GGAATAGGGAACCTATTATTCACCCTCAGAGCCACTTTCATCTTTGGTTGGTGTGGTTGG
c3.2.6.2		AAGCACTAGTAAAAGAGTCTGACTTGCCTGAGTAGACAGAGGTTTGGTTGGTGTGGTTGG
c3.2.6.3		AGTCAGAAGCAAAGCGGATTGGTAATAGTAAAATGTTTGGTTGGTGTGGTTGG
c3.2.7.1		GGCAAAAATCAGCTTGCTTTCTTTCAACAGTTTCAATAGCCCTTTGGTTGGTGTGGTTGG
c3.2.7.2		TCAGATGATGGCAATTCATCACACCTTGCTGAACCTTTGGTTGGTGTGGTTGG
c3.2.7.3		TTTATCCTCTTTCCAGAGCCTTTTGGTTGGTGTGGTTGG

New 3.2 aptamer sequences:

c3.2.6.1oa		GGAATAGGGAACCTATTATTCACCCTCA
c3.2.6.1ob		GAGCCACTTTCATCTTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
c3.2.6.2oa		AAGCACTAGTAAAAGAGTCTGACTTGCC
c3.2.6.2ob		TGAGTAGACAGAGGTTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
c3.2.6.3o		AGTCAGAAGCAAAGCGGATTGGTAATAGTAAAATGTTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
c3.2.7.1oa		GGCAAAAATCAGCTTGCTTTCTTTCAAC
c3.2.7.1ob		AGTTTCAATAGCCCTTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
c3.2.7.2o		TCAGATGATGGCAATTCATCACACCTTGCTGAACCTTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
c3.2.7.3o		TTTATCCTCTTTCCAGAGCCTTTTTTTTTCCGCGGGCGCGCCCC


New 5.0 Oligo Ligand "Aptamers": (xxx indicates the aptamer exit point)
NB: These oligos are listed by their original oligo number (ie. "oligo 7"). The first oligo (with the xxx in it) in the list is the original oligo, with the spaces showing where the oligo should be split; the second and third oligos are the ones that will be ordered - these are split in order to guarantee accuracy of the sequence (impeded if the oligo is greater than 60nt long).

  • Outside @ Aptamers
 oligo 7
c5.0.4.1
ATAAATCGTGTTGTTCCAGTT xxx TGGAACAAGAGTCCGTAAAGC 

ATAAATCGTGTTGTTCCAG TTTTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
TGGAACAAGAGTCCGTAAAGC 

 oligo 43
c5.0.4.2
GCCGGAAGCAGGTCGACTCTAAGGGGGA xxx TGTGCTGCGGAAAC

GCCGGAAGCAGGTCGACTCTAAGGGGGA TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
TGTGCTGCGGAAAC 

 oligo 65
c5.0.4.3
TCATTTTTTTACAAACAATTCAAATGAA AAATCTAGATAAAA xxx 

TCATTTTTTTACAAACAATTCAAATGAA
AAATCTAGATAAAA TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC

 oligo 75
c5.0.4.4
ATCAATAGATAAAAATTTTTA GAACCCTCATATATATTAGCA xxx 

ATCAATAGATAAAAATTTTTA
GAACCCTCATATATATTAGCA TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC

 oligo 78
c5.0.4.5
GGTATTAAATATCCCATCCTAATTT xxx ACGAGCATGTCGAGCCA 

GGTATTAAATATCCCATCCTAATTT TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
ACGAGCATGTCGAGCCA 

  • Inside @ Aptamers
 oligo 33
c5.0.5.1
GCCGCCATTGATATTCACAAA xxx CAAATAAATCCTCATCTGAAT

GCCGCCATTGATATTCACAAA TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
CAAATAAATCCTCATCTGAAT

 oligo 67
c5.0.5.2
ATTTACATTTTGCGGGATCGTGAAGTTT CCATTAA xxx ACGGGTA 

ATTTACATTTTGCGGGATCGTGAAGTTT
CCATTAA TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC

 oligo 89
c5.0.5.3
TGGATAGCGATAAAAACCAAA xxx ATAGCGAGAGGCTTACAACAT

TGGATAGCGATAAAAACCAAA TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
ATAGCGAGAGGCTTACAACAT

 oligo 95
c5.0.5.4
AAAGAAAAATGAATTTTCTGTTCACCAG TACAAAC xxx TACAACG

AAAGAAAAATGAATTTTCTGTTCACCAG
TACAAAC TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC

 oligo 104
c5.0.5.5
TCATTTGTTCTGCG xxx AACGAGTGGTCATTTTTGCGGACCAGAC 

TCATTTGTTCTGCG TTTTTTTT CCGCGGGCGCGCCCC
AACGAGTGGTCATTTTTGCGGACCAGAC 

PEG precipitations

Used PEG precipitation protocol for reagents shown for lanes 5-20. Pellet lanes: reconstituted pellet in 10 μL folding buffer and loaded it all. Supernatant lanes: loaded 10 μL supernatant.

Some lanes were not loaded. 6hb not loaded b/c we had no folded 6hb. 10%, 12%, 14% supernatant not loaded so that everything could fit on one gel.

2% agarose gel electrophoresis
2% agarose gel electrophoresis
lane folding reaction (μL) 20% peg / 2.5 M NaCl (μL) water (μL) final PEG concentration pellet/supernatant
11 kb+ ladder
210000%
x10 (6hb)201010%pellet
x10 (6hb)201010%supernatant
31012186%pellet
41012186%supernatant
51016148%pellet
61016148%supernatant
710201010%pellet
x10201010%supernatant
81022811%pellet
91022811%supernatant
101024612%pellet
x1024612%supernatant
111026413%pellet
121026413%supernatant
131028214%pellet
x1028214%supernatant
141030015%pellet
151030015%supernatant

Results/discussion:

  • appears to be good yields at 10% and above
    • only supernatant lane with oligos visible is lane 6
    • no pellet lanes contain oligo smears (but oligo smears difficult to see in supernatant lanes)
  • difficult to see oligos (maybe run on PA gel next time?)
    • where are the expected oligo smears in higher percent supernatants?
  • unclear why unprecipitated nanostructures (lane 2) ran faster
    • we're using structures that were folded at least a week ago, and some have been stored on the bench -- will try again tomorrow with nanostructures that are being folded today
  • dye in supernatant lanes ran a little slow -- PEG or NaCl interference?

Gel purification of nanostructures

  • using new buffer. added to the buffer 1 mL of 1M MgCl2 per 100 mL buffer
  • using 20ul of folded structure.
  • trying both design 3 and design 4
  • using scaffold as a control (to hopefully varify we're cutting out nanostructures), but we know roughly where the nanostructures run to in any case.

Ordered Latches for c5.0

NB: Sent order in and was denied - short by four oligos. Will try to add four tomorrow and resend. Added c3.2 and c5.0 attachment oligos for oligo-ligand design; order accepted. c4.0 attachment oligos were ordered separately.

Order form for v5.0 latches, v3.2 attachment oligos, and v5.0 attachment oligos

c5.0.10: Barrel Latches
c5.0.11: Barrel Splits (ie. portion of oligo that had to be split off from the latch to allow addition of latch sequence )
c5.0.12: Barrel Zipper Oligos

c5.0.13: Top Lid Latches
c5.0.14: Top Lid Splits
c5.0.15: Top Lid Zipper Oligos

c5.0.16: Bottom Lid Latches
c5.0.17: Bottom Lid Splits
c5.0.18: Bottom Lid Zipper Oligos

c5.0.19: Barrel Displacement Latches
c5.0.20: Top Lid Displacement Latches
c5.0.21: Bottom Lid Displacement Latches

High Concentrations of Nanostructure Experiment, Day 1

  • Mixed un-divided (ie. core and latches in same tube) working stocks of Gb (biotinylated oligos outside, with latches1) and Ib (biotinylated oligos outside, with latches2).
  • Folded reactions of Gb and Eb, 8 40uL reactions each, overnight. Wanted to fold Ib and Ab, but ran out of p7308.
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