To change buffers in which your protein resides.
Note that although this method should work, I find that I lose my protein using this approach. Try Knight:Centrifuge desalting instead.
- Slide-A-Lyzer MINI Dialysis Unit from Pierce (video, manual, product page, applications guide)
- In general, the molecular weight cutoff for your column should be about half the molecular weight of your protein of interest.
- dialysate (i.e. destination buffer)
- Wear gloves to prevent contamination.
- Optional: to remove contaminating glycerol from the dialysis unit, dialyze the unit in 1L of DI water for 15 mins. (Glycerol content: <3% in 3K, ~15% in 7K and ~23% in 10K MINI)
- Optional: to remove contaminating metals, dialyze 15 minutes against 1 L 1 mM EDTA. (Metals present in a 3K, 7K or 10K MINI; 2 ppb iron, 5 ppb magnesium, 1.5 ppb nickel, 0.2 ppb zinc, 0.2 ppb copper, 0.5 ppb chromium and 0.3 ppb cadmium)
- Apply sample with a standard pipette.
- Sample volume should be between 10-100 μL.
- Cap the dialysis unit and place in a floatation device.
- Add 0.5-1L of dialysate to beaker.
- Add stir bar.
- Place the beaker in ice or in a cold room and on a stir plate.
- Place the float with dialysis unit in the beaker so that the bottom of the dialysis unit is in contact with the dialysate.
- The volume level of the sample should be higher than the dialysate to avoid hydrostatic pressure forcing dialysate into the unit (thereby diluting the sample).
- Use a low speed setting on the stir plate to avoid submerging the unit.
- Equilibrate for 2 hours.
- Collect the sample from the corner of the Slide-A-Lyzer unit.