User:Jared A. Booth/Notebook/Physics 307L/2009/08/24

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SJK 13:30, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
13:30, 15 September 2009 (EDT)Overall, you did a really good job in class learning about the oscilloscope, and your primary lab notebook is excellent.  You recorded a lot of good information and I could easily see what you were doing.  The main thing is to improve the informal summary for your next lab, and to put it on a separate page as well.  You can see Anastasia's summary for an example of this.
13:30, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
Overall, you did a really good job in class learning about the oscilloscope, and your primary lab notebook is excellent. You recorded a lot of good information and I could easily see what you were doing. The main thing is to improve the informal summary for your next lab, and to put it on a separate page as well. You can see Anastasia's summary for an example of this.


Lab Summary

SJK 13:28, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
13:28, 15 September 2009 (EDT)This is a good start on the lab summary.  I'd like it to be on page separate from your primary lab notebook in the future.  Plus, if you take a look at the oscilloscope lab page, there are some things missing.  One big thing is a discussion of uncertainty.  Hopefully you realized this during lecture yesterday.  Make sure in your future labs to report your results with uncertainty and discussion of uncertainty!
13:28, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
This is a good start on the lab summary. I'd like it to be on page separate from your primary lab notebook in the future. Plus, if you take a look at the oscilloscope lab page, there are some things missing. One big thing is a discussion of uncertainty. Hopefully you realized this during lecture yesterday. Make sure in your future labs to report your results with uncertainty and discussion of uncertainty!

The peak to peak voltages of 4 different wave forms were measured and recorded as follows.

Measurements for the first four* waves
Frequency Measured Cursors Measure func.
Wave 1 200Hz 7.52V 7.52V 7.52V
Wave 2 75Hz 9.90V 9.84V 9.84V
Wave 3 7kHz 19.52V 19.56V 19.5V
Wave 4 500Hz 3.72V 3.76V 3.76V

'*The fifth wave was unmeasurable due to distortions caused by limitations of the oscilloscope.

Using a 5Hz frequency square wave, the fall time was measured to be 59.00ms, implying an RC constant of 26.85ms.

Equipment

SJK 13:22, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
13:22, 15 September 2009 (EDT)Good job recording exact model numbers of equipment.  Including photos would be even better, so give that a try in future labs if you can!Good job with safety.
13:22, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
Good job recording exact model numbers of equipment. Including photos would be even better, so give that a try in future labs if you can!

Good job with safety.

Tektronix TDS 1002 Digital Storage Oscilloscope
BK Precision 4017A 10MHz Sweep/Function Generator
BNC Cable

Safety

The main safety concern in this lab is electrical shock as we will be using instruments plugged in to the 120V AC wall outlets. Make sure to check all chords for fraying or breaks before use. Also ensure that the BNC cable is properly hooked up.

Setup

Plug both the oscilloscope and the function generator into a 120V AC wall outlet and connect the BNC cable to the output of the function generator and the CH1 lead on the oscilloscope. Turn on both the generator and oscilloscope.

Waveform Measurments

Measurements for the first four* waves
Frequency Measured Cursors Measure func.
Wave 1 200Hz 7.52V 7.52V 7.52V
Wave 2 75Hz 9.90V 9.84V 9.84V
Wave 3 7kHz 19.52V 19.56V 19.5V
Wave 4 500Hz 3.72V 3.76V 3.76V

'*The fifth wave was unmeasurable due to distortions caused by limitations of the oscilloscope.


Wave 1
Set the generator to a sine wave at 200Hz. Measure the peak-peak voltage:
7.52V --measured by grid
7.52V --measured by cursors
7.52V --measured by oscilloscope


Wave 2
Set the generator to a sine wave at 75Hz. Adjust the output level slightly. Measure the peak to peak voltage:
9.90V --measured by grid
9.84V --measured by cursors
9.84V --measured by oscilloscope


Wave 3
Set the generator to a sine wave at about 7kHz. Adjust the output to a high level. Set the oscilloscope to acquire an average of 64 samples to remove the fluctuations in the wave towards the peaks. Measure the peak to peak voltage:
19.52V --measured by grid
19.56V --measured by cursors
19.5V --measured by oscilloscope.


Wave 4
Set the generator to a sine wave at 500Hz. Adjust the output to a low level.
3.72V --measured by grid
3.76V --measured by cursors
3.76V --measured by oscilloscope.


Wave 5
Leave the generator at 500Hz. Adjust the output to an high level. Set the generator to a large positive DC offset. Note that with sufficiently high DC offset the waveform seems to be displayed improperly. Specifically, it appears that the oscilloscope does not measure above 13V. As the DC offset is lowered, the waveform returns to a sinusoidal wave.SJK 13:25, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
13:25, 15 September 2009 (EDT)The oscilloscope can measure above 13V...it's more likely that the function generator cannot output more than 13V.  You could verify this by using a 10x probe (which divides the voltage by 10 before going into oscilloscope), or using someother source of voltage higher than 13V and seeing if scope could measure it.
13:25, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
The oscilloscope can measure above 13V...it's more likely that the function generator cannot output more than 13V. You could verify this by using a 10x probe (which divides the voltage by 10 before going into oscilloscope), or using someother source of voltage higher than 13V and seeing if scope could measure it.


Triggering

SJK 13:26, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
13:26, 15 September 2009 (EDT)Good descriptions of triggering, especially edge & video.  For pulse, I am not sure that's what it does...but we can look into that in the future if it's useful.
13:26, 15 September 2009 (EDT)
Good descriptions of triggering, especially edge & video. For pulse, I am not sure that's what it does...but we can look into that in the future if it's useful.

According to Wikipedia, modern oscilloscopes use triggered sweep "to display events with unchanging or slowly changing waveforms, ...[which] may or may not be evenly spaced." There are four types of triggering on the TDS 1002 Digital Storage Oscilloscope: Edge, Pulse, Video, and External.

Edge Triggering
Edge triggering occurs "when the input signal crosses a specified threshold voltage in a specified direction." The TdS 1002 allows you to adjust between rising and falling voltage and to change the level of the threshold.


Pulse Triggering
Pulse triggering allows the user to designate a delay after a specified edge trigger before triggering the oscilloscope. This is particularly useful in examining only certain portions of a wave function.


Video Triggering
A video trigger uses a circuit which extracts from a video feed and can be set to trigger at specific points, such as every line, a specific line, every field, or every frame.


External Triggering
External triggering uses a trigger input to detect a pulse from an external source for triggering.

AC Coupling

Set the generator to a 5Hz square wave and adjust the output to an 8.5V amplitude. The fall time was measured to be 59.00ms measured from the peak to 10% voltage using the cursors. Using this value, the calculated RC constant of the oscilloscope is
RC \cong \frac{t_r} {2.197} = 26.85ms

Acknowledgments

T. Mahony's Oscilloscope Lab Book for page format.
Wikipedia for information on triggered sweeps.

Links

Physics307L
My OWW Page
My 307L Page



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