# User:Peng Cao/Notebook/PHYC307L/oscilloscope

## Introduction

SJK 12:49, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
12:49, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
This is a good primary notebook. Easy for me to follow your work and see some potential mistakes.

The goal of this lab is to learn how to use an oscilloscope and practise for future labs.

More details and lab manual:

## Safety

• Be aware of getting an electric shock.
• Turn power off before joint or disconnect cables and wires.

## Preparation

SJK 12:40, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
12:40, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
Good job recording make and model numbers for equipment. The photo is good for conveying setup information.
My Setup
1. BK PRECISION 4017A(Function Generator)
2. Tektronix TDS 1002(Oscilloscope)
3. One BNC cable

Simply hook up the output of the function generator to the oscilloscope.

## Procedures

### Basic waveform measurement

SJK 12:43, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
12:43, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
These are good notes here. Because they're good notes, I can tell that you probably had your scope set to "10X" probe on the input channel. This caused your voltage readings to be 10 times higher than actual, since you weren't using a 10X probe. That's my guess. Also, I don't know why waves less than 100Hz didn't work...but definitely the scope can work at less than 100Hz, in fact for even DC signals.

At the beginning, I need to setup to get a sine wave on oscilloscope. After a few trails, I find out I can use "AUTO SET" button(On the top right corner of the oscilloscope). Then a sine wave appear.

Here are the measurements of the sine wave:

• Frequency: 111.8HZ (This changes all the time. After the measurement, it became 111.6HZ.)
• Period: 8.9?0ms (This also changes. Between 8.900~8.940ms)
• Amplitude:
• Use the grid: There are 4 intervals form 0V to the highest point. Each interval is 10V. Same as lowest. Just a little difference. So the amplitude is 42-(-43)=85V.
• Use the cursors: 40.8-(-41.6)=82.4V.
• Use the "measure" functions: 84.8V.

Then, I tried other frequencies. I find out when frequency is less than 100HZ, the oscilloscope can't work properly.

Here are my other trails:

``` Frequency: 1.06?kHZ
Period: 940.?us
Amplitude: 84.8V
```
``` Frequency: 11.?0kHZ
Period: 91.??us
Amplitude: 84.8V
```
``` Frequency: 10.0?MHz
Period: 100ns
Amplitude: 89.6V
```

"?" means a uncertain number.

### Triggering

Triggering can tell us what the votltage is on a certain period.

### AC Coupling

I used a lot of time to get a right graph on the oscilloscope. I need to turn off everything on the function generator and set the frequency less than 10Hz. And this time, the "Atuo Set" button is not helpful. It gave me DC settings. So I need to change it manually using "CH1 MEUN". Also, I need to use position and /DIV knob to get the graph. Here is my data:

``` Frequency: 5HZ
Amplitude: 4.6-(-4)=8.6V
Fall time("measure" functions):86.58ms
```
##### Calculate Fall Time
Fall Time
SJK 12:46, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
12:46, 29 September 2010 (EDT)
This is not the correct way to measure the fall time, though it could have worked if you did the math differently. 2 mV would be 1% of the 2V value, not 10%. Maybe a typo, because 52 ms sounds right.
• Cursor1: 2V (10% from top)
• Cursor2: 2mV (10% from bottom)
• Fall time: 52ms (about 5 intervals, each interval is 10ms)
##### Quesitions
1. What RC constant does this imply? (See Wikipedia article on rise time)
• RC=t which is equal to fall time.
2. How does this compare with the expected value for the oscilloscope? (Can you find the answer on Google?)
• We calculate fall time is using 10% of the peak voltage to 10% of the low voltage. The oscilloscope calculate from 10% of the rising edge to 10% of the falling edge, which is amplitude. So the fall times are different.

### FFT

Use the math function, I can see a FFT graph. But I don't know what it is. After Steve Koch explan to me a little bit, I know it's about noisy.