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Grad Advisors

  • Morning: Debbie, Forrest
  • Afternoon: Brian, Forrest, Robbie, L-A
  • Late Night 1:10am: Debbie, Forrest


  • Make competent E. coli cells
  • Transformation into competent cells
  • Plate transformed cells

Depending on how fast cells grow......

  • Night time
    • Analyze plates
    • innoculate 4ml LB/Amp


Details of DH5 Strain E Coli

Regular cell membranes are not permeable to plasmids, so we much use ions (CaCl) to make the bacteria competent and able to accept foreign DNA.
Start: 2 vials of competent bacteria (500 µL each)
9 Transformations

Contents    Volume    Label
U V         (2 µL)    I
ddV         (5 µL)    A
ddV + ddI   (5 µL)    B
dV          (5 µL)    C
dV + dI     (5 µL)    D
ddV         (10 µL)   E
ddV + ddI   (10 µL)   F
dV          (10 µL)   G
dV + dI     (10 µL)   H

Transformation Protocol, adapted from OWW

  1. Thaw TSS cells on ice.
  2. Add DNA, pipette gently to mix (1μl of prepped plasmid is more than enough).
    • If you are adding small volumes (~1μl), be careful to mix the culture well. Diluting the plasmid back into a larger volume can also help.
    • If you are using the competent cells TK gave us, the volume of DNA added should be < 5% cell volume
  3. Let sit for 30 minutes on ice.
    • Note: If you are in a rush, you can shorten this incubation time to 5-10 min.
  4. Incubate cells for 45-50 seconds at 42C.
  5. Incubate cells on ice for 2 min.
  6. Add 1 mL LB at room temp.
  7. Incubate for 1 hour at 37oC on shaker.
    • Note: tetR and cmR need 1.5 - 2 hrs
  8. Spread 100-300 μl onto a plate made with appropriate antibiotic.
  9. Grow overnight at 37 °C.
  10. Save the rest of the transformants in liquid culture at 4 °C. If nothing appears on your plate, you can spin this down, resuspend in enough medium to spread on one plate and plate it all. This way you will find even small numbers of transformants.

Experiment notes

  • B has a hole, G is barbequed toast, literally
  • 1:10am (13 hrs incubation): only plates C,D,H,I had small colonies.
    • plate I had most colonies (~15)
    • all others had around 1-8 colonies

Project Research Homework

  • Aditya: sensory promotors / metal ion binding
  • Alex, Bernice: past iGEM projects (2006, 2005)
  • Semmie,Jessica: Hwang papers (mussel proteins)
  • Toan: Rice07 (read for bacterial display)
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