Physics307L:People/Meyers/Millikan Oil Drop Lab Summary II

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MILLIKAN OIL DROP LAB (again)

The Apparatus Setup
The Apparatus Setup
Other Equipment
Other Equipment
Voltage Supply
Voltage Supply
SJK 17:58, 27 November 2010 (EST)
17:58, 27 November 2010 (EST)For the time being, see comments on your formal report for this lab
17:58, 27 November 2010 (EST)
For the time being, see comments on your formal report for this lab

Contents

Purpose

The purpose of this lab was to determine the value of the fundamental charge. A cursory goal was to understand more about the experiment and physics fundamental charge.

Procedure

The procedure for this lab is posted here

Procedure Notes

Three important things that we forgot about on the second day of lab.

  • Clean the equipment fully before each use.
  • Make sure the focus on the microscope is sharp.
  • If there are no droplets after the above two notes are completed, you can remove the cap off the top capacitor plate to aid in production of drops.

Data

  • Particle 3:

Mean fall velocity: 3.918 * 10 − 5m / s

Mean rise velocity: 8.66 * 10 − 5m / s

  • Particle 4:

Mean fall velocity: 3.036 * 10 − 5m / s

Mean rise velocity: 1.134 * 10 − 4m / s

  • Particle 5:

Mean fall velocity: 3.269 * 10 − 5m / s

Mean rise velocity: 1.026 * 10 − 4m / s

  • Particle 7:

Mean fall velocity: 3.595 * 10 − 5m / s

Mean rise velocity: 1.271 * 10 − 4m / s

  • Particle 8:

Mean fall velocity: 3.150 * 10 − 5m / s

Mean rise velocity: 3.85 * 10 − 5m / s

  • Particle Thorium:

Mean fall velocity: 3.6250 * 10 − 5m / s

Mean rise velocity: 4.2860 * 10 − 4m / s

Calculation

Using the rise and fall velocities we can calculate the fundamental charge q

q={4/3 \pi \rho g}{\Bigg[}{\sqrt{\bigg({\frac{b}{2p}}\bigg)^2+\frac{9ηv_f}{2g\rho}}-\frac{b}{2p}}{\Bigg]^3}\frac{v_f+v_r}{Ev_f}\,\!

I used this equation to calculate the pressure.

Using this equation and a MATLAB program I wrote I calculated q\,\! to be:

Particle 3: q=1.566*10^{-19}\pm 1.1*10^{-20}C\,\!

Particle 4: q=1.539*10^{-19}\pm 5.1*10^{-21}C\,\!

Particle 5: q=1.525*10^{-19}\pm 6.7*10^{-21}C\,\!

Particle 7: q=1.954*10^{-19}\pm 4.5*10^{-21}C\,\!

Particle 8: q=1.534*10^{-19}\pm 6.9*10^{-21}C\,\!

Thorium Particle: q=1.5977*10^{-19}\pm 3.1*10^{-20}C\,\!

Averaged together we get a q of:

q=1.643*10^{-19}\pm 6.8*10^{-21}C\,\!

Error

With the accepted value of q as:

q=1.602176487(40)*10^{-19}C\,\!

This is inside my first standard deviation of mean of my calculated q.

Also the percent error is:

%error=\frac{(1.643*10^{-19}C)-(1.602*10^{-19}C)}{1.602*10^{-19}C}x100%=2.56%\,\!

This is very good.

Conclusion

Compared to the first time we did this lab we have done much better. We found a q\,\! and a standard deviation that contains the accepted value of q\,\!. From last time, we changed one fundamental thing, time. We took the time to take more data and make sure that it is good data.

Citation

1)Pressure versus altitude equation here

2)Altitude of Albuquerque here

3)Wiki math help here

4)Accepted value of q here

Thanks

1) Nathan for lab help along with data input and help with google docs.

2)Steve Koch for help in trouble shooting the lab.

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