Carolyn Kwok, Jing Luo, Dorothy Tulanont
1. Determine whether the N15 protelomerase parts are functional or not on the Tos site assuming the co-transformation is stable.
2a. If the plasmids don't stably co-transform, determine whether cells containing N15 protelomerase enrich for plasmids lacking tos.
2b. Assuming the N15 protelomerase parts are functional, determine whether the linearized "doggy bone" re-circularized in the absence of N15 protelomerase.
1. Cotransform cells with plasmid containing the tos site and N15 protelomerase expressing plasmid.
3. Plate with resistance plate
4. Miniprep cells
5. Digest the resulting plasmid with a restriction enzyme.
6. Analytical Mapping
1. Transform the cells with only the Tos site plasmid
2. Run the undigested cotransformed DNA.
1. Transform cells with N15 plasmids
2. Plate on antibiotic for N15
3. Pick colonies
4. Mix Tos plasmid and RFP plasmid at a 100:1 ratio
5. Transform mixture into cells
6. Plate on antibiotics for Tos, RFP, and N15 (plate 1)
7. Count ratio of white colonies to red colonies
1. Mix Tos plasmid and RFP plasmid at a 100:1 ration, transform into cells without N15 and plate (plate 2)
Enrichment = % of red in plate 1/% of red in plate 2
1. Prepare "doggy bone" plasmid and the non-linearized plasmid.
2. Transform "doggy bone" plasmid and the non-linearized plasmid into cells with N15 and cells without N15 (the wild type cells).
3. Count colonies on all 4 plates.
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - Fixing a mutation in the tos site using quickchange Oligos to fix the point deletion in the tos plasmid using quikchange:
Forward oligo: CAATATGTATCTATTCCGGTGTTGTGTTCCTTTGTTATTCTGC Reverse oligo: GCAGAATAACAAAGGAACACAACACCGGAATAGATACATATTG
The oligos were diluted to 100uM. Then a quikchange procedure was performed on the tos plasmid according to the Stratagene manual. The following sample reaction was prepared:
5 μl of 10× reaction buffer 2 μl plasmid 1.25 μl forward oligo 1.25 μl reverse oligo 1 μl of dNTP mix 39.5 μl ddH2O 1 ul PfuTurbo DNA Polymerase
The sample reaction was placed in the thermocycler with the following conditions:
Segment Cycles Temperature Time 1 1 95°C 30seconds 2 12 95°C 30 seconds 55°C 1 minute 68°C 3 minute (1 min/kb of plasmid length)
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - Cutting parts of the plasmid Dpn I Digestion of the Tos Amplification Products:
1. 1 μl Dpn I was added to the product and mixed. 2. The reaction was incubated at 37°C for 1 hour.
The tos quikchange products were then transformed into DH10B cells and plated on Amp plates.
The following protocol was used for transformation:
Transformation by Heat Shock
Note No rescue was performed for the transformation mixture because the tos plasmid has Amp resistance.
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - See if cells transformed with the plasmid with antibiotic resistance survive.
No quikchange tos plasmid colonies grew.
Purpose - Create the N15 plasmid - Prepare for a part transfer of the N15 part into an expression vector by digesting both plasmids.
Notes from last experiment: Our bacteria failed to grow. We have to change the Quikchange protocol.
Dorothy: Digest the vector with pBad and N15 plasmid with BglII and XbaI. Next time --> gel purification of these parts and we can proceed on to ligation.
Digestion of vector (pWCD 0011) 3 uL of water 1 uL NEB2+ATP buffer 5 uL of vector 0.5uL of BglII 0.5uL of XbaI Digestion of insert (N15) 3 uL of water 1 uL of NEB2+ATP buffer 5 uL of insert 0.5uL of BglII 0.5uL of XbaI
Jing: Finished the digestion by running a preparative gel to extract the necessary fragments to ligate. After double checking the sequences, discovered that the restriction enzymes we used cut the vector into three fragments. (There was a different plasmid that would work, and had a very similar name to the one we used, which was why we were told to use the wrong one.)
Also the gel showed that: 1. The restriction digest wasn't very effective. There was about 50% of the parent plasmid leftover. 2. The digestion products were very close to each other. There was no way to accurately pull out the desired fragment. Thus we scrapped it, and planned to start over later.
The oligos that were placed into the ice bucket are lost. Dorothy will come into the lab to start the PCR for quikchange on Tu 4/20 around 6PM.
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - Use correct quikchange protocol to repair the mutation in tos site.
Dorothy finished the quikchange pcr successfully using the following protocol: QuickChange
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - Redoing the Digestion, Transformation, and Plating of Tos starting from the quikchange product
25uL of the tos quikchange product was digested with 0.5 uL of Dpn I and then incubated for 1 hr at 37C. The other 25uL of the tos quikchange product was not digested as a control. The digested product was then transformed into DH10B cells. 70uL of cell+KCM+H20 mixture was added to both the digested quikchange product and the control. (Note: The rescue part of the transformation procedure was not performed because the tos plasmid has Amp resistance) Because more DNA was added, (only 10uL should have been used), the product was then plated unevenly on Amp plates.
Purpose - Create the N15 plasmid - Redo the digestion of the insert and vector We redigested the N15 plasmid and vector with new restriction enzymes. Then ran a preparative gel was run for the N15 vector and insert.
- N15 Vector
- N15 Insert
The bands corresponding for each were cut out and gel purified using the following procedure: Zymo Gel Purification
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - See if cells transformed with the plasmid with antibiotic resistance survive. If so, culture them.
Dorothy picked three tos colonies and cultured them.
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - Extract the DNA from the cells, so that it can be analyzed.
Carolyn miniprepped the three tos bacteria. Dorothy and Jing ran an analytical gel of tos. We sent the first clone to sequence for verification that the incorrect nucleotide has changed.
- Colony 1
- Colony 2
- Colony 3
Purpose - Create the N15 plasmid - Put the insert and vector together, and transform into cells to copy the plasmid.
Ligated the vector and insert, then transformed the cells with N15 plasmid and plated on Kan/Spec.
Purpose - Create the N15 plasmid - See if cells transformed with the plasmid with antibiotic resistance survive.
No colonies on Kan/Spec plate from cells transformed with N15 plasmid.
Purpose - Create the tos site plasmid - Repicking smaller colonies to see if they have correct sequence.
2nd attempt at tos plasmid, re-picked smaller colonies from QuickChange plate for sequencing. Chris believed the tos part might be toxic to the cell thus the cell with the correct sequence will grow slower. This is the rationale behind picking the smaller colonies.
Purpose: Try to sequence smaller colonies.
Tubes are clear thus assuming no growth from smaller colonies.
Purpose: Try to sequence smaller colonies.
It turns out after letting the culture tubes sit longer, one of the four grew up. Will miniprepped the cells and sent it in for sequencing, but it turns out the sequencing was bad and we were unable to determine if the sequence is correct.
Tos plasmid result:
The plasmid that we received contains a point mutation. (missing "T")
The first clone that we sequenced contains 2 more deletions, resulting in a total of 3 deletions.
The second clone has an extra forward oligo. The sequence ended up to be 42bp longer than what it should have been. (The oligo size was 42bp.)
The third clone is the esact same plasmid that we started out with.
We conclude that the Tos sequence might be toxic. Another possibility that we didn't get the correct sequence is because the part might be hard to clone.
N15 plasmid result:
We did not get any colony on the Kan/Spec plate. We believe that we might have made some error during the cloning steps or the plasmid is also hard to clone similar to the tos plasmid.