Team:Chiba/Experiments:Reporter

From OpenWetWare

Jump to: navigation, search


Reporter

Our delayed switch has to turn on or off without variable time lag after the preset time has passed. Therefore we need the output module, which announces quickly that a particular concentration of the signaling molcules has been reached.

We imagined three kinds of output:


  • Fluorescent Protein
  • Bioluminescence(luciferase)
  • Cell staining (LacZ and X-gal assay)


and tested Fluorescent Protein and β-gal(lacZ).

We selected GFP, Venus YFP, and mCherry. The latter two were chosen because Venus YFP matures quickly(1),and we can easibly recognize mCherry coloration(2).


We used fluorescent proteins and β-gal(lacZ) as a reporter.


We were able to recognize chemical luminescence of luciferase only at dark place devoid of light. Therefore the conditions of use are limited, and we did not select Luciferase as our reporter.

Experiment

Measure the time course form adding inducer (IPTG or AHL) to confirm the change of color to analysis the gene expression.

Evaluate following gene:

  • Fluorescent Protein
  • GFP
  • pGFPuv
Image:PGFPuv chiba.gif
Image:High-Copy-Receiver Chiba.gif
  • Venus YFP
Image:K084003 chiba.gif
  • pLac-Venus YFP
Image:pLac_Venus_Chiba.gif
  • mCherry
  • pLac-mCherry
Image:PLac_mChe_Chiba.gif
  • β-gal (X-gal assay)
  • pUC19(plac-LacZα)
Image:PLac-lacZ-Chiba.gif
  • Fluorescent Protein
  • GFP
  • pGFPuv
Image:PGFPuv chiba.gif
Image:High-Copy-Receiver Chiba.gif
  • Venus YFP
Image:K084003 chiba.gif
  • pLac-Venus YFP
Image:pLac_Venus_Chiba.gif
  • mCherry
  • pLac-mCherry
Image:PLac_mChe_Chiba.gif
  • β-gal (X-gal assay)
  • pUC19(plac-LacZα)
Image:PLac-lacZ-Chiba.gif

Result & Discussion

Result LacZ

Table  1 Dependent on X-gal concentration.
Table 1 Dependent on X-gal concentration.
  • LacZ, which is not fluorescent, was observed under the naked eye.
  • Time required for observation of LacZ staining depended on X-gal concentration.
  • We were not able to observe stainig at a liquid state within 4 hours.-->Staining was observed at the 8 hour point.


Fluorescent protein

Table  2 Result of Time chase.
Table 2 Result of Time chase.
  • Similar results were obtained for liquid and solid cultures.
  • To the naked eye, fluorescence was observed most easily in the order mCherry, GFP, and YFP.
  • The solid state cultures were easier to observe to the naked eye.
  • AHL induction took a shorter time than IPTG for fluorescence to be observable.
  • GFP and YFP showed observable fluorescence earlier than mCherry.


Photo  1 Emission of fluorescent protein
Photo 1 Emission of fluorescent protein

Discussion Discussion


The purpose of this project is to alter the time required for expression.

  • By increasing the concentration of X-gal, the time required for

expression to be observable decreased, but this still takes longer than the time required when using fluorescent proteins.


  • Using β-gal, which uses X-gal as substrate, the time required for

output may increase because the substrate concentration decreases with time.

For the above reasons, fluorescence proteins are more suited for our purposes.

Of the fluorescent proteins, GFP and YFP fluorescence was observable at earlier stages.


  • But to the naked eye, GFP could be observed more easily.

Therefore, we chose GFP as our output reporter.


Method

Fig.  1      Experimental method for response measuring of reporters
Fig. 1 Experimental method for response measuring of reporters

Strain:XL10G KanR

  • Agar plate experiment
  1. Pre-culture
    1. Picked and cultured the following plate stocks in 2mL of LB:
      1. LB-Amp+0.2 % Glucose, (pGFPuv, pLac-Venus YFP, pLac-mCherry, pUC19)
      2. LB-Amp, (BBa_T9002, BBa_K084003)
    2. Cultured at 37°C for 12h.
  2. Spread on plate
    1. Spread on new plate
      1. LB-Amp+0.2 % Glucose, (pGFPuv, pLac-Venus YFP, pLac-mCherry, pUC19)
      2. LB-Amp, (BBa_T9002, BBa_K084003)
    2. Cultured at 37°C for 12h.
  3. Colony lift
    1. Colony lift to inducible agar plate (containing IPTG or AHL)
      1. LB-Amp+0.2 mM IPTG agar plate, (pGFPuv, pLac-Venus YFP, pLac-mCherry, pUC19)
      2. LB-Amp+100 nM AHL agar plate, (BBa_T9002, BBa_K084003)
    2. Incubate at 37 °C
  4. Check expression every 30 min.
  • Liquid medium experiment
  1. Pre-culture
    1. Picked and cultured the following plate in 2mL of LB:
      1. LB-Amp+0.2 % Glucose, (pGFPuv, pLac-Venus YFP, pLac-mCherry, pUC19)
      2. LB-Amp, (BBa_T9002, BBa_K084003)
    2. Cultured at 37°C for 12h.
  2. Culture
    1. Dilute pre-cultures and add to new LB medium.
      1. LB-Amp+0.2 % Glucose, (pGFPuv, pLac-Venus YFP, pLac-mCherry, pUC19)
      2. LB-Amp, (BBa_T9002, BBa_K084003)
    2. Cultured at 37°C for about 6 h
  3. Wash
    1. Transfer 10mL each of the culture to 50mL centrifuge tubes.
    2. Centrifuged for 6min at 3600rpm,20°C and discarded the supernatant.
    3. Add physiological saline and resuspention
    4. Repeated wash twice.
    5. Add M9 minimal medium.
  4. Mix
    1. Dispens each culture into 48-well deep well or 96-well deep well
    2. Add IPTG fainal conc. 0.2 mM (pGFPuv, pLac-Venus YFP, pLac-mCherry, pUC19)
    3. Add AHL fainal conc. 100nM (BBa_T9002, BBa_K084003)
  5. Measure fluorescence intensity every 1 h.
  • Equipment
shaking incubator
Innova 4200 Benchtop or Floor-Stackable Incubator Shaker(37°C)
46-well plate(deep well)
96-well plate(deep well)
Fluoroskan Ascent 2.5(program:Ascent Software Version 2.6)
Beckman Allegratm X-12R Centrifuga(Beckman Coulter)
Personal tools